Finance

Bank of America posts 45% decline in first-quarter profit, braces for big loan losses

Key Points
  • The bank posted profit of $4.01 billion, or 40 cents a share, compared with the 46 cent estimate of analysts surveyed by Refinitiv.
  • Bank of America set aside $3.6 billion to loan-loss reserves in the quarter, following similar actions from JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo.
  • Lower interest rates will weigh on the bank's net interest income, one of the main drivers of a lender's revenue, CFO Paul Donofrio said Wednesday during a conference call with analysts.
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Bank of America earnings: $0.40 a share, vs $0.46 EPS expected

Bank of America said Wednesday that first-quarter profit slumped 45% as the company set aside $3.6 billion for loan-loss reserves because of the coronavirus pandemic. 

The bank posted profit of $4.01 billion, or 40 cents a share, compared with the 46 cent estimate of analysts surveyed by Refinitiv. Revenue of $22.8 billion essentially matched expectations, and trading results exceeded expectations by more than $500 million. Bank of America shares fell 6.5%.

The pandemic caused sharp drops in profits at three of Bank of America's four main divisions. The lender's giant consumer banking business saw profit decline 45% to $1.79 billion on higher loan loss reserves and lower interest income. Wealth management profit fell 17% to $866 million and global banking profit was nearly wiped out as the company built larger reserves for commercial loan losses. 

Only the bank's trading division managed to post an increase in profit, a gain of about 33% to $1.48 billion, driven by greater volatility in markets and stronger client activity. 

Loan losses will climb this year, and might continue into 2021, CFO Paul Donofrio said Wednesday during a conference call with analysts.

Lower interest rates after the Federal Reserve slashed rates last month will weigh on the bank's net interest income, one of the main drivers of a lender's revenue, Donofrio also said. The bank posted $12.3 billion in net interest income in the first quarter, but that figure will be about $11 billion in the second quarter, and will begin to recover after that, the CFO said.  

"Our results reflect the strength of our balance sheet, the diversity of our earnings, and the resilience of our teammates to serve clients around the world," CEO Brian Moynihan said in the release. "Despite increasing our loan loss reserves, we earned $4 billion this quarter."

On Tuesday, JPMorgan Chase and Wells Fargo also posted sharp drops in first-quarter profit as the banks set aside a combined $10 billion for a coming deluge of loan defaults. At JPMorgan, the hits were partly offset by record quarterly trading revenue.

That was also the case at Bank of America, where fixed income traders produced $2.7 billion in revenue, about $200 million more than expected and equities traders generated $1.7 billion in revenue, about $300 million more than expected. 

Bank stocks have been pummeled this year as the pandemic put an end to the longest economic expansion in U.S. history. Investors have sold shares in anticipation that the industry will bear the brunt of loan defaults from retail customers to big corporate clients.

Here's how Bank of America did:

Earnings: 40 cents a share

Revenue: $22.8 billion

Net Interest Income: $12.3 billion

Trading Revenue: Fixed Income $2.7 billion, Equities $1.7 billion

Wall Street had expected earnings per share of 46 cents on revenue of $22.9 billion, based on the consensus estimates compiled by Refinitiv. Net interest income was expected to come in at $11.7 billion. Trading results at the firm exceeded analysts' expectations for $2.48 billion in fixed income and $1.39 billion in equities revenue.