Bonds

10-year Treasury yield falls below 0.6% after data show jobless claims top 30 million amid pandemic

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Key Points
  • Unemployment claims totals for the week ending April 25 are due for release at 8:30 a.m. ET, with a consensus 3.5 million new filings expected, according to Dow Jones.
  • Following this week's Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting, the Fed on Wednesday decided to maintain its current interest rate target range of between 0% and 0.25%.
  • Investors are also reacting to news of a potentially positive result to a study from Gilead Sciences into the use of antiviral drug remdesivir as a potential treatment for the coronavirus.

The benchmark 10-year Treasury yield fell on Thursday after latest data showed more than 30 million Americans filed for unemployment over the last six weeks amid coronavirus shutdowns.

Treasurys

The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note fell more than 2 basis points to 0.59%, while the yield on the 30year bond was slightly lower at 1.22%. Yields move inversely to prices.

First-time filings for unemployment insurance hit 3.84 million last week, bringing the tally over the past six weeks to 30.0 million. 

Meanwhile, U.S. consumer spending dropped 7.5% in March, compared with a year earlier, as Americans stayed home in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus. The slowdown in spending also came as personal incomes dropped 2% in March.

Following this week's Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting, the Federal Reserve on Wednesday decided to maintain its current interest rate target range of between 0% and 0.25%. The central bank pledged to keep interest rates close to zero until the U.S. economy is firing on all cylinders.

The central bank said this would remain the case until full employment returns and inflation gets back to around the Fed's long-stated 2% goal. The Fed cautioned that the ongoing coronavirus pandemic will "weigh heavily" on the near-term outlook, posing "considerable risks" in the medium term.

Concern for the state of the economy deepened Wednesday as first-quarter GDP (gross domestic product) from the Commerce Department showed the sharpest economic contraction since the financial crisis, shrinking by 4.8%.

Auctions will be held Thursday for $90 billion of 4-week Treasury bills, $70 billion of 8-week bills and $30 billion of 154-day bills.

- CNBC's Patti Domm and Maggie Fitzgerald contributed reporting.