- Russia has hinted it could move away from dollar-denominated oil if the U.S. continues to impose targeted sanctions.
- Asked whether crypto could be used as an alternative to the greenback, President Vladimir Putin said it was "too early to say."
- "I believe that it has value," he told CNBC Wednesday. "But I don't believe it can be used in the oil trade."
Russian President Vladimir Putin thinks cryptocurrencies have value — but he's not convinced they can replace the U.S. dollar in settling oil trades.
Some months ago, Russia's deputy prime minister, Alexander Novak, suggested the country could move away from greenback-denominated crude contracts if the U.S. continues to impose targeted economic sanctions.
Asked whether bitcoin or another cryptocurrency could be used as an alternative to the dollar in trading oil — a key export for Russia — Putin said it's "too early to talk about the trade of energy resources in crypto."
"I believe that it has value," he told CNBC's Hadley Gamble at the Russian Energy Week event in Moscow Wednesday. "But I don't believe it can be used in the oil trade."
"Cryptocurrency is not supported by anything as of yet," Putin said. "It may exist as a means of payment, but I think it's too early to say about the oil trade in cryptocurrency."
The Russian leader also flagged cryptocurrencies' massive consumption of energy as a potential barrier to their use. Bitcoin requires lots of computing power to process transactions and mint new tokens.
However, Putin didn't mince words on Russia's attempt to move away from reliance on the dollar for trade.
"I believe the U.S. makes a huge mistake in using the dollar as a sanction instrument," he said. "We are forced. We have no other choice but to move to transactions in other currencies."
"In this regard, we can say the United States bites the hand that feeds it," Putin added. "This dollar is a competitive advantage. It is a universal reserve currency, and the United States today uses it to pursue political goals, and they harm their strategic and economic interests as a result."
In June, Russia announced it would drop U.S. dollar assets from its sovereign wealth fund.