- Retailers argue that the swipe fees incurred by Visa are simply too high for smaller businesses to survive.
- Meanwhile, those in support argue that Visa actually supports merchants.
Americans are increasingly using plastic to spend their money, enabling Visa to grow its dominance in the credit and debit card space.
People in the U.S. spent $6.7 trillion through credit and debit cards in 2019, up 88% from 2009, according to a 2020 report by HSN Consultants. Of those transactions, more than 60% were made with Visa cards.
This has helped Visa grow into one of the world's most valuable companies. As of Oct. 19, Visa has a market valuation of more than $491 billion. Its shares are also up more than 170% over the past five years.
However, some retailers argue that Visa's success has come at the expense of merchants who rely on them to process payments. Some have even said the fees imposed by Visa are too high for businesses to survive.
"I know a lot of business owners and it saddens me because so many people have come to accept it as it is what it is," Hub Convenience Stores CEO Jared Scheeler said. "These prices are so ridiculous. The amount we pay in swipe fees is so high that we have to do something about it, somebody has to do something about it."
Swipe fees collected by Visa and Mastercard ballooned to $67.6 billion in 2019 from $25.6 billion in 2009, according to data from the National Retail Federation. The overall processing fees paid by U.S. merchants to accept all card payments jumped to $116.4 billion in 2019, up 88% since 2009.
"This is a central part of the problem with their dominance," Merchants Payments Coalition executive committee member Doug Kantor said. "The exact way they were set up was to be this dominant price-setting entity and the fact that it's gone on this long is a problem for everybody else in the economy."
Visa declined to comment on this story.
To be sure, those in support of Visa argue the company is on the merchants' side.
"Visa on some level is a victim of their own success in the sense that they're so ubiquitous and so secure and so easy to use that people begin to take it for granted," MoffettNathanson analyst Lisa Ellis said. "Visa's business structure is very balanced and if anything is actually skewed, believe it or not, towards the merchants. They actually get the majority of their revenue from the banks and the ecosystem that's supporting the merchants."
Watch the video to find out more about how Visa makes money.