Dow falls 300 points, gives up earlier gains as Wall Street's struggles persist

AMD, Peloton, and Netflix are some of today's investments: Pro Market Movers Jan. 20
AMD, Peloton, and Netflix are some of today's stocks: Pro Market Movers Jan. 20

Stocks moved lower on Thursday, giving up their sharp gains from earlier in the session, as Wall Street continues to struggle this year in a rising interest rate environment.

The Nasdaq Composite ended the session down 1.3% at 14,154.02 after giving up a 2.1% gain from earlier in the day. The Nasdaq, which is home to many of the market's biggest tech names, ended Wednesday more than 10% below a record set in November, indicating a technical correction.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 313.26 points to 34,715.39 on Thursday, after being up more than 400 points earlier in the day. The 30-stock average closed below its 200-day moving average for the first time since December 2021. The S&P 500 fell 1.1% to 4,482.73 following its earlier gain of 1.53%. The S&P 500 closed below 4,500 for the first time since October 2021.

The small-cap benchmark Russell 2000 lost nearly 1.9% on Thursday.


Bespoke Investment Group noted the prominence of harsh investor selling in the final hours of trading this year in a note to clients on Thursday.

"On average, US equities have rallied into lunch time, but there's also been heavy selling late in the session," the firm said. "Late-day declines that are much worse than average in a given month do not typically lead to underperformance going forward."

Peloton tanked 23.9% on news it is temporarily halting production of its connected fitness products as consumer demand wanes, according to internal documents obtained by CNBC.

Technology stocks, like Zoom Video and Tesla, led markets higher for most of the day on Thursday. However, many lost steam towards the end of the session. Netflix closed down about 1.5% before its quarterly earnings slated for after the bell.

Stocks moved lower as government bond yields remained elevated, part of a market repricing as the Federal Reserve gets set to tighten monetary policy. The central bank meets next week, with markets indicating just a slight chance of action on interest rates. However, traders have fully priced in the first of what is expected to be four 0.25 percentage point hikes through 2022.

The two-year Treasury, which is most closely tied to Fed rate policy, most recently yielded about 1.04%, while the benchmark 10-year note touched a high of 1.87%.

"Investors need to be aware that 2022 probably will be a much rougher ride," said Ryan Detrick of LPL Financial. "With rate hikes coming and the historically volatile  midterm year on the horizon, more violent ups and downs could be in store for investors this year."

Several earnings reports moved stocks on Thursday. Dow component Travelers posted beats on the top and bottom lines while American Airlines also beat estimates but lowered guidance. Travelers rose 3.2%, while American Airlines fell 3.2%.

United Airlines shares fell 3.4% after the company reported its quarterly results and warned that omicron has dented bookings and will delay its pandemic recovery.

"Earnings season is early, but overall we are looking at another solid quarter from corporate America. Yes, with rate hikes coming, we are dancing a delicate line and experiencing some normal market volatility, but the underpinnings of the economy remain quite solid," added Detrick.

Unemployment data on Thursday signaled the surge in omicron could be hurting the recovery.

Jobless claims for the week ended Jan. 15 totaled 286,000 for the week, their highest level since October. The read was well above the Dow Jones estimate of 225,000 and a substantial gain from the previous week's 231,000.

"The surge in jobless claims and drop in existing home sales has lead to some easing 10-year bond yields which could reflect some reduction in the degree the Fed could tighten – certainly dampens speculation of a 50 [basis point] rate hike in March," said Kathy Bostjancic, chief U.S. economist at Oxford Economics. "Moreover we are in for more volatile markets due to the heightened degree of uncertainty surrounding the economic, inflation and interest rate outlook."

The S&P 500 is headed for their third straight week of losses. For the week, the Dow is down 3.3%. The S&P 500 has lost about 3.9% since Monday. The Nasdaq is the biggest loser, down nearly 5% this week.

Brad McMillan, chief investment officer at Commonwealth Financial Network, acknowledged that the turbulence could last for some time but said investors shouldn't panic about interest rate increases and that they're normal as the economy returns to normal.

"The economy and markets can and do adjust to changes in interest rates," McMillan said. "This environment is a normal part of the cycle and one we see on a regular basis. The current trend is perhaps a bit faster than we've been seeing, but it is a response to real economic factors—and, therefore, normal in context."