Asia-Pacific shares were mixed on Tuesday as strong rallies from Chinese real estate companies and Australian miners were offset by muted Japanese and Hong Kong markets.
Mainland China closed in positive territory. The Shanghai Composite gained 0.05% to 3,277.89 and the Shenzhen Component was up about 0.08% at 12,470.11.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng finished the day 1.05% lower.
MSCI broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan decreased 0.02%.
Japan's Nikkei 225 finished flat at 28,868.91 while the Topix index dipped 0.15% to 1,981.96. The Kospi closed higher by 0.22% to settle at 2,533.52.
The S&P/ASX 200 in Australia rose 0.58% to 7,105.4 with the major miners all posting strong returns led by BHP's rise of 4.09% following a sterling full-year profit result.
The annual wholesale price inflation rate in India fell to 13.93% in July from 15.18% in June, according to new data from India's Office of the Economic Adviser, surpassing market estimates of 14.2%.
Indian wholesale price inflation falls to nearly 14%
The annual wholesale price inflation rate in India fell to 13.93% in July from 15.18% in June, according to the latest data from India's Office of the Economic Adviser. This was better than analysts' estimates of 14.2%, according to a Reuters' poll.
The wholesale price inflation is an inflation indicator that measures the change in prices of wholesale goods before they are sold in the retail market to consumers.
According to data from the ministry of commerce and industry, the fall in inflation came from lower prices of wholesale food and manufactured goods offset by higher prices of fuel and power.
"That's the largest monthly decline in the food index since the current aggregate index began in 2012, and reverses about half of the increase in food prices since February," said Adam Hoyes, assistant economist at Capital Economics. "The fall was almost entirely down to a drop in wholesale vegetable inflation ... suggesting the upside risks from fears about lower crop yields have dissipated."
The fall in WPI was in line with lower consumer food inflation (CPI) as reported last week, Capital Economics said.
But given that both WPI and CPI inflation are still elevated, Hoyes said the Indian central bank would likely wait until the last quarter before scaling back the pace of its monetary policy tightening.
— Su-Lin Tan
Fitch ratings downgrades Country Garden
Fitch ratings has downgraded Chinese homebuilder Country Garden Holdings' Long-Term Foreign- and Local-Currency Issuer Default Ratings (IDRs), senior unsecured ratings and the rating on the outstanding bonds to 'BB+' from 'BBB-'.
"The downgrade reflects a weakening in Country Garden's financial flexibility due to challenges in China's property sector," Fitch said in a note.
"Fitch believes that Country Garden's liquidity buffer, while adequate, is under pressure as declining sales coupled with working capital commitments put pressure on cash generation, while deterioration in capital market conditions has narrowed the company's funding sources."
- Su-Lin Tan
Chinese property stock makes surprise leap after reports of Beijing's bond guarantee pledge
Chinese real estate stocks surged after reports that Beijing told state-owned China Bond Insurance Co. to provide guarantees for onshore bond issuance by "model private developers," including Hong Kong-listed Longfor Group.
Even though the Hang Seng index was down 1.73% as major stocks across the bourse — including Tencent, Ping An Insurance and Petrochina fell, there were green shoots among Chinese developers like Longfor.
To revive the beleaguered Chinese residential property market, regulators are planning to provide liquidity support to the selected private developers through underwriting new local bonds raised, financial information provider, REDD said.
Jessica Tea, Asia and Greater China Investment specialist at BNP Paribas Asset Management, however, said investors will remain skeptical until they see evidence confirming these private developers benefit from the government's funding support.
"That said, we believe that the recent mortgage boycott is unlikely to cause any systemic risk, unless the situation spins out of control," Tea said.
"Crucially, Beijing's policy response to this problem has been swift, with the authorities trying to sort out some solutions including allowing mortgage payments holiday for the affected homeowners and mobilizing banking, SoE and local government resources to revive the suspended projects and ease funding shortages of developers."
More expected macroeconomic policy easing should lessen the risks the property market could pose to economic growth, Tea added.
— Su-Lin Tan
Correction: This post has been updated to reflect that property stocks surged after reports of China's liquidity support. An earlier version misrepresented the facts.
More growth policies seen as needed for China's economy despite rate cuts
China still needs more growth policies to stabilize its economy after the central bank moved unexpectedly to cut its key interest rates, the Chinese central-bank backed Financial News said on Tuesday.
The People's Bank of China lowered the rate on its 1-year policy loans by 10 basis points to 2.75% and the 7-day reverse repo rate to 2% from 2.1% on Monday. It defied economists expectations that the central bank would act on rate cuts.
Citing Wen Bin, chief economist of China Minsheng Bank, Financial News said for the economy to recover further, the rate of increase in infrastructure investments needed to accelerate, especially since recovery momentum has slowed.
Wen also said the weakness in domestic demand was a problem for the economy and Beijing would need to put out policies that would shore up economic growth.
Wang Qing, chief macro analyst at Dongfang Jincheng, was also cited saying that Beijing would likely boost fiscal policies and industrial policies to propel recovery.
Luo Huanjie, senior macro researcher at the Zhixin Investment Research Institute, said in light of possible future pandemic outbreaks, Beijing should prioritize the adjustment of macro policies in an effort to further improve the economy.
- Su-Lin Tan
China's interest rate cuts are a modest first step, says professor
The People's Bank of China's surprise interest rate cuts on borrowing costs for medium-term policy loans are a modest first step, according to Eswar Prasad, senior professor of international trade policy at Cornell University.
"The rate cut that we've seen right now is very modest. Ten basis-points doesn't amount to very much, although it does unleash some liquidity," he told CNBC's "Squawk Box Asia" on Tuesday.
The PBOC lowered its one-year medium-term lending facility on 400 billion yuan ($59.3 billion) of loans to some financial institutions by 10 basis points to 2.75%, according to an announcement posted on the central bank's website. It also cut its seven-day reverse repo rate by 10 basis points to 2%.
"It seems like a very small step. But the PBOC is trying to send a very calibrated signal here that it is ready to step in if circumstances were warranted," the professor added.
"I think it is very cautious about unleashing any significant monetary stimulus because they know that it's going to create medium-term financial risks."
— Sumathi Bala
Australia to look into competition, consumer issues for social media services
The ACCC said its report will also consider YouTube, Reddit and Discord.
"We hope to examine trends in user preferences and engagement over time, and consider how users choose social media services," it said in a statement. The body plans to look into "if new entrants such as TikTok have changed the competitive landscape."
On Friday, China released a list of algorithms driving its tech giants' success, including that of Alibaba and Tencent. The filing also mentions how Douyin, the Chinese version of TikTok, uses such data to recommend content to users.
— Jihye Lee
Gas prices continue to surge up north as Japanese industrials lag
Energy prices will continue to move north amid strong consumption, Skylar Capital Management head trader and chief executive Bill Perkins told "Street Signs Asia."
Surging gas prices has seen the northern hemisphere countries, including Asian ones like Japan scrambling for imports of liquified natural gas. The Asian benchmark spot price is on an upward trajectory while Japanese industrial stocks are in the red on Tuesday.
"I think that these pull backs with traders taking profit and concerns in China over recession and the real estate conditions over there. They are concerns but they are overblown relative to the macro trends going on in this cycle," he said.
Perkins said there will be little relent in surging oil prices, and he expects the WPI oil price to move north of $100 a barrel and Brent to push past $120 a barrel.
- Su-Lin Tan
Anglo-Australian miner BHP soars after posting its second-biggest profit in history
Anglo-Australian miner BHP shares soared 3.80% after posting its second-biggest profit in history and a record dividend worth $16.3 billion.
Its full-year results ending 30 June have beaten expectations.
BHP Chief Executive Mike Henry said BHP enters the 2023 financial year "in great shape strategically, operationally and financially."
He also expects China to "emerge as a source of stability for commodity demand in the year ahead, with policy support progressively taking hold."
"At the same time, we expect to see a slowdown in advanced economies as monetary policy tightens, as well as ongoing geopolitical uncertainty and inflationary pressures," he said in a press release.
"The direct and indirect impacts of Europe's energy crisis are a particular point of concern. Tight labor markets will remain a challenge for global and local supply chains."
- Su-Lin Tan
U.S., Japan and South Korea complete missile search and tracking exercise
The Pentagon said the United States Navy, Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, and Republic of Korea (ROK) Navy have completed a missile warning and ballistic missile search and tracking exercise off the coast of the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) in Hawaii.
The U.S., Japanese, and ROK participants shared tactical data link information in accordance with a trilateral information sharing agreement.
"Following the June 11 U.S.-ROK-Japan Trilateral Ministerial Meeting in Singapore, this missile warning and ballistic m