5 Things to Know

5 things to know before the stock market opens Wednesday

A man walks past the Nasdaq MarketSite in New York on Jan. 28, 2022.
Michael Nagle | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Here are the most important news items that investors need to start their trading day:

1. A battered Nasdaq

The new year can't come quickly enough for the bulls. Tuesday's post-Christmas trading day saw the Dow rise slightly, with the already-bruised Nasdaq sliding 1.4%. Chalk that up to Tesla's latest bad day (see more below), although there are plenty of tech culprits for the Nasdaq's woeful performance this year. The index has lost more than 33% so far in 2022, and there are only three trading days left, including Wednesday. For comparison's sake, the Dow could end the year down over 8% while the S&P 500 could finish it off about 20%. Read live markets updates here.

Read more: IBM beat all its large-cap tech peers in 2022

2. How much worse can it get for Tesla?

Tesla CEO Elon Musk
James Glover II | Reuters

Let's just go through the list. Tesla shares are down about 69% so far this year, and they're off more than 70% since their all-time high in November 2021. CEO Elon Musk has sold multiple chunks of shares to help pay for his takeover of Twitter, and the electric vehicle maker's stock has declined more than 50% since the deal was completed in October. Musk, no longer the world's richest person, has also alienated Tesla's American customer base – affluent, left-leaning people who are environmentally conscious – with his embrace of extreme right-wing figures and conspiracy theories. Shares of Tesla, which fell another 11% Tuesday, are on a seven-day losing streak. Even if things get better in the next three days, and they may not, given new Covid problems for the company in China, Tesla is about to wrap its worst month, quarter and year on record.

3. U.S. considers China Covid restrictions

People wait outside a fever clinic at Tongren Hospital in Shanghai on Dec. 23, 2022, amid a local outbreak of Covid-19 infections.
Hector Retamal | Afp | Getty Images

As China opens its economy and borders after nearly three years of draconian "zero Covid" policies, other countries are considering new rules for travelers coming from China. U.S. officials are weighing new limits as they press China for more data about the virus. "Without this data, it is becoming increasingly difficult for public health officials to ensure that they will be able to identify any potential new variants and take prompt measures to reduce the spread," officials said. With infections exploding in China, Japan said it would start requiring negative tests for travelers from mainland China at the end of this week. Taiwan will implement similar requirements.

4. Pandemic immigration rule stays in place

Mexican truck drivers block the Pharr–Reynosa International Bridge connecting the city of Reynosa to McAllen, Texas, to protest truck inspections imposed by Texas Governor Greg Abbott, in Reynosa, Mexico April 11, 2022. 
Stringer | Reuters

The Supreme Court on Tuesday left in place a rule that allows the U.S. to deport migrants at the Mexican border as a health precaution. More than 2 million migrants have been deported under the rule, called Title 42, since it went into effect in 2020, as the country struggled to respond to the spread of Covid. The justices also agreed to hear oral arguments on the rule in February. A ruling is expected in June. The policy will stick around at least until then. Read more from CNBC's Spencer Kimball.

5. Russia ramps up attacks

Cars burn on a street after a Russian military strike, amid Russia's attack of Ukraine, in Kherson, Ukraine on Dec. 24, 2022.
Ukrainian Presidential Press Service | via Reuters

The Russian military on Wednesday intensified attacks on Kherson in southern Ukraine, hammering the recently liberated city with artillery and mortar shells, the Ukrainian military said, according to Reuters. Moscow's forces also beefed up pressure on Ukraine's military along the front lines in eastern Ukraine. The war is in its eleventh month, and there are no signs of an end. Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has put forth a 10-point peace plan that would have Russian forces fully withdraw, but the Kremlin has rejected it.

Read more: Zelenskyy, BlackRock CEO Fink agree to coordinate Ukraine investment

– CNBC's Alex Harring, Rohan Goswami, Jihye Lee and Spencer Kimball contributed to this report.

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