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Dow closes 100 points higher for third consecutive day of gains

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Pro Picks: Watch all of Tuesday's big stock calls on CNBC

The Dow Jones Industrial Average finished higher Tuesday as investors parsed through the latest batch of corporate earnings reports for insight into the state of the economy.

The Dow gained 104.40 points, or 0.31%, to close at 33,733.96. This marked the third day of gains for the 30-stock index. The S&P 500 dipped 0.07% to settle at 4,016.95, while the Nasdaq Composite dropped 0.27% to end at 11,334.27.

Earnings season continued Tuesday with mixed results. 3M dropped 6.2% on disappointing guidance, while Union Pacific dipped 3.3% after the railroad company's results fell short of analysts' estimates. The unofficial start to big-tech results kicks off with Microsoft reporting after the bell.

"We've had two really strong days in the market in anticipation that the Fed's going to pause as we get into a busy week of earnings," said Victoria Fernandez, chief market strategist at Crossmark Global Investments. "But, the earnings that we saw yesterday and this morning are really mixed."

Fernandez expects stocks to trade in a tight range as the market absorbs the latest commentary on margins, inflation and the macro environment.

Tuesday's market moves come after a solid start to the week, with all the major averages coming off of back-to-back gains. On Monday, the Nasdaq Composite led with a gain of 2.01%. The S&P 500 and Dow added 1.19% and 0.76%, respectively.

The gains have come despite an underwhelming start to earnings season and more signs that the U.S. economy is slowing. Some investors hope these findings will prompt a pivot from the Federal Reserve when it convenes at its policy meeting next week.

Correction: An earlier version of this story misstated the Dow's move for the session.

Dow finishes 104 points higher

Stocks fought for direction Tuesday, but the Dow Jones Industrial Average finished higher.

The 30-stock index gained 104.40 points, or 0.31%, to close at 33,733.96. The S&P 500 dipped 0.07% to settle at 4,016.95, while the Nasdaq Composite dropped 0.27% to end at 11,334.27.

— Samantha Subin

Correction: An earlier version of this blog misstated the Dow's move for the session.

Jeremy Grantham stays long-term bearish, but says stocks may keep bouncing or churning through April

Jeremy Grantham is far from abandoning his long-term pessimism over the likely future return on U.S. stocks, but admits in his latest investment commentary for Grantham, Mayo, & van Otterloo, the firm he helped co-found, that the next few months should be okay and prices could move higher.

Grantham, the GMO chairman, bases his benign view for the next three months on the third year of the so-called presidential cycle in 2023 and, specifically, on how stocks have historically performed during the seven months from October 1st of year 2 to April 30 of year 3.

Going back to 1932, Grantham says stock market returns during those seven months equal the entire return of the other 41 months combined.

"We are now in this sweet spot, which once again is up nicely so far...this positive influence may help to support the market for a few more months," Grantham wrote.

Otherwise, Grantham retains his long-held bearishness, arguing the S&P 500 could easily end 2023 at 3200 "and spend at least some time below it this year or next."

"The pricking of the supreme overconfidence bubble is behind us, and stocks are now cheaper. But because of the sheer length of the list of important negatives, I believe continued economic and financial problems are likely. I believe they could easily turn out to be unexpectedly dire. I believe therefore that a continued market decline of at least substantial proportions, while not the near certainty it was a year ago, is much more likely than not," Grantham wrote in the report, dated Tuesday.

The eventual stock market bottom might not even come until well into 2024, the 84-year-old Grantham said, since the usual stock market low after a colossal bubble — not simply an "ordinary" bull market — comes roughly one year after the start of a subsequent recession.

— Scott Schnipper

A potential debt ceiling crisis will be a 'slow burn,' not a 'big bang,' Barclays says

As market participants worry over a potential debt ceiling crisis, Barclays says it would not expect an immediate hit to the economy.

"Our implicit assumption is that this will not turn out to be a material economic event for the country. But in this piece, we consider the 'what-if' scenario," Ajay Rajadhyaksha wrote in a Tuesday note.

"If the debt limit is not raised in time, how will the economy and financial markets react? The answer is not intuitive. A debt ceiling crisis will not immediately be a big bang, in our view; it would be a slow burn that builds to a bigger problem," Rajadhyaksha continued.

The take comes after the Treasury Department started taking extraordinary measures to pay the country's bills after the U.S. hit its debt limit, according to U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen last week.

Yellen said new investments into Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund and the Postal Service Retiree Health Benefits Fund will be suspended until June. They face "considerable uncertainty" if Congress does not raise the $31.4 trillion debt ceiling.

Still, Barclays pointed out that the Treasury's debt obligations will be unaffected, even as other forms of spending will be. That means any effect from the debt ceiling would be a "temporary fiscal hit, not a bond default."

"We do not foresee any fiscal drag having a lasting effect. After all, all of the forced spending cuts will have to be made up whenever the debt ceiling is raised; these are all spending commitments that the government has already made," read the note.

"But if several weeks pass after the 'x-date' without an increase in the debt limit, the economic pain will start to make itself felt," it continued.

— Sarah Min

Oppenheimer initiates Target with an outperform rating

Oppenheimer initiated coverage of major retailer Target with an outperform rating, citing potential for multi-year profit recovery driven by share gains and gross margin expansion.

"Longer term, we believe the company is well positioned to continue capturing share, driven by digital efforts, store investments, merchandising success on the exclusive brand front, competitor liquidations over time, and partnerships with other brands/retailers," the firm wrote in a note to clients Monday.

Oppenheimer gave Target a $190 price target, suggesting shares could gain as much as 15.4% from Monday's close. Shares of Target are up more than 10% this month.

— Pia Singh

NYSE will nullify some of Tuesday's trades after technical issue

The New York Stock Exchange announced that it will be canceling some of the early trades on Tuesday in stocks that failed to have a correct opening auction.

The exchange said that trades in the stocks that occurred before the volatility halts and were executed at prices outside of the existing percentage rules "will be declared null and void."

There were more than 200 stocks impacted by the technical issue, according to a list provided by the NYSE.

— Jesse Pound

Communication services saw the largest decrease in short interest during the fourth quarter

The communications services sector experienced the largest decrease in short interest exposure during the fourth quarter, according to an analysis by S3 Partners.

Short interest exposure within the sector fell by $4.5 billion during the period. Healthcare and real estate saw the second and third largest decreases in short interest, falling by $3.5 billion and $1.3 billion, respectively.

Industrials, energy and consumer staples, meanwhile, saw the largest increases during the quarter.

Selling shares "short" occurs when investors borrow shares from a broker to sell and buying back at a lower price. The investor then profits from the difference.

Even with these shifts, information technology and consumer discretionary remain the two sectors with the largest short interest exposure on a dollar basis.

Across domestic markets, short interest increased by $10.2 billion, or 1.15%, to $899 billion in the fourth quarter, according to S3.

— Samantha Subin

Dow kicks off final trading hour near session highs

The Dow gained 140 points, or 0.4%, as the final hour of trading commenced. The S&P 500 was flat, while the Nasdaq Composite last traded down 0.1%.

— Samantha Subin

Chip stocks cool after Monday's big jump

The momentum for semiconductor stocks does not appear to be enough to create a three-day winning streak for the sector.

The VanEck Semiconductor ETF (SMH) was down 1% in afternoon trading on Tuesday. The stumble comes after a 4.72% gain on Monday and a 3.25% gain on Friday.

Advanced Micro Devices was one of the worst performers in the group, falling more than 3%.

The semiconductor group is seen as a bellwether for the market, given its cyclical traits and connection to the tech industry.

Rob Ginsberg of Wolfe Research said in a note to clients last week that chipmakers were "the single most important industry group to our market outlook."

— Jesse Pound

The travel recovery should hold up better than feared, UBS says

Even with worries that a U.S. recession is imminent, UBS sees travel holding up and boosting stocks such as Booking Holdings, Expedia and AirBnB.

"We continue to see the travel recovery holding up better than feared, despite concerns on how macro could weigh on leisure travel," analyst Lloyd Walmsley wrote in a Tuesday note.

UBS's top pick in the space is Booking Holdings, as it sees room nights increasing in the first quarter and a new leg in the recovery due to China's continued reopening.

"The ABNB setup looks better than the last several quarters, with lower Street ests on RNs and expected declines in ADRs heading into '23 with exposure to China outbound," Walmsley wrote.

"EXPE shares look cheap though we remain concerned on a potential investment cycle into loyalty point expansion and it has limited exposure to China outbound relative to mid-single digit % of RNs for both BKNG and ABNB pre-pandemic," he added.

On upcoming earnings calls, they'll be listening for management to address investor concerns of a consumer slowdown in travel.

— Carmen Reinicke

Bed Bath & Beyond, 3M among stocks making the biggest moves midday

These are some of the stocks making the biggest moves during midday trading:

Bed Bath & Beyond — The retail stock jumped 13% as traders continued to pile into the heavily shorted name. Bed Bath & Beyond has warned of a potential bankruptcy and recently beefed up its legal team ahead of a possible filing. Shares of the meme-stock favorite are up 32% year to date.

Advanced Micro Devices — Shares slid 3.2% after Bernstein downgraded the semiconductor maker to market perform from outperform. The firm said the personal computer market and new parts markets were growing increasingly unfavorable for the company.

3M — Shares of the industrial conglomerate slid more than 5% to hit a new 52-week low after the company said it would cut 2,500 manufacturing jobs amid a demand slowdown.

Raytheon Technologies – Shares of the aerospace company added 2% after Raytheon posted its fourth quarter. Raytheon posted adjusted earnings per share of $1.27, compared with analysts' estimates of $1.24 per share, according to Refinitiv.

— Pia Singh

Monday saw the largest tech short covering since June, Goldman says

Technology stocks saw the largest one-day notional short covering since June on Monday, according to Goldman Sachs' prime brokerage data. Short covering happens with a short seller buys shares back in order to close out an open short position and cut losses.

The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite jumped 2% on Monday as investors assessed a potential slowdown in interest rate hikes from the Fed. Goldman said the short covering activity was led by semiconductor stocks, tech hardware and IT services stocks. The VanEck Semiconductor ETF surging 4.7% Monday for its best day since November.

— Yun Li

Evercore ISI says brace for cuts to Microsoft's revenue guidance

The latest layoffs at software giant Microsoft will likely contribute to more conservative guidance when the company reports quarterly results after the bell Tuesday, according to Evercore ISI.

The firm said in a note to clients Sunday that despite confidence in Microsoft's "long-term narrative," it's preparing for "choppy" results from the software giant as it grapples with consumer weakness and a string of workforce cuts.

"As such, we expect that the headcount reduction announcement earlier this week will likely be accompanied by a lower revenue outlook for the second half of the FY," wrote analyst Kirk Materne.

Despite the likely comedown in estimates, Materne said that smaller-than-expected foreign exchange headwinds should help counteract some impacts to expectations for the 2023 and 2024 calendar years.

"At ~22x CY24 EPS, we believe a lot of the concern around a cut to the top line guidance is baked in, though we acknowledge that until the top line estimates are viewed as more 'de-risked' the shares are likely to remain range bound," he said.

Evercore ISI retained its outperform rating and $280 price target on shares, implying more than 15% upside from Monday's close.

— Samantha Subin

Alphabet shares decline as DOJ sues Google

Alphabet declined nearly 2% Tuesday after the U.S. Justice Department filed its second antitrust lawsuit against Google in a little over two years.

The lawsuit, the first against the company filed under the Biden administration, calls for a breakup within Google's advertising business.

Alphabet shares moves as DOJ sues Google

— Lauren Feiner, Samantha Subin

It's time for investors to revisit Caesars, Stifel says

Current investors are massively undervaluing Caesars shares, according to Stifel.

The firm expects Caesars, the largest casino-entertainment company in the U.S., to see its midweek group and convention business return to pre-pandemic levels this year. LV Strip leisure demand and customer spending are also expected to remain healthy throughout this year, the firm said.

Stifel analyst Steven Wieczynski encouraged investors to revisit the stock, saying in a Monday note to clients that he expects these optimistic markers to outweigh Caesar's headwinds. Some of those issues include balance sheet concerns, sports betting growth issues, and consumer spending fears.

"While we can fully appreciate the fear that is out in the marketplace around the potential erosion of the consumer and the economy, we believe at this point the risk/reward in CZR is too compelling to ignore," Wieczynski said.

Stifel has reflected its bullish view by raising its price target for the stock, as well as EBITDA estimates by approximately 10%. Caesars shares are expected to further rise if the company turns a profit on its digital division. 

The "potential rewards far outweigh the risks now," Wieczynski said.

— Hakyung Kim

Wells Fargo recommends buying Chipotle shares

Wells Fargo is bullish on Chipotle, which it called a "post-pandemic winner."

Analyst Zachary Fadem initiated coverage of the fast casual restaurant stock as overweight. His price target of $1,800 implies an upside of 12.7% from where the stock closed Monday.

"CMG offers many LT ways to win, and with sentiment seemingly weak, we see an attractive entry point," he said in a note to clients Monday.

CNBC Pro subscribers can read more about the call here.

— Alex Harring

Stocks are moving up and down together, and that could cause trouble

Stocks on the S&P 500 are moving up and down in unison, a situation that while not unusual, poses danger should market momentum turn downward.

Thirty-day correlations among the five largest sectors in the large-cap index are at 0.91, meaning they are moving almost completely in lockstep, according to DataTrek Research. (A reading of 1 means exact correlation, while zero is no correlation and -1 is opposite correlation.) The average since 2018 has been 0.85.

"Stocks traded more in unison last year than usual because they faced the common concern of ever-higher interest rates and resultant economic risk," DataTrek co-founder Nicholas Colas wrote in his daily market note Monday evening. "High sector correlations create higher price volatility since every group is moving in relative unison. That is why we had so many 1 percent days last year."

Markets have been largely in rally mode in 2023, so the high correlation level has helped stocks under the "rising tide lifts all boats" trend. But should momentum head the other way, that could be trouble.

"Since correlations have not declined during the recent rally, they will quickly become a macro negative if/when markets turn," Colas wrote. "A rising tide is lifting all boats in similar ways just now, but when the tide goes out they will all tend to descend in unison as well."

— Jeff Cox

Lululemon shares dip after Bernstein downgrades stock

Lululemon shares dropped 2.8% following a downgrade to underperform from market-perform by Bernstein.

Analyst Aneesha Sherman said the fitness-wear company will see a "reset" after years of huge top-line growth. She also slashed her price target by $50 to $290, which implies the stock will fall 8.3% from where it closed Monday.

"The expectations vs. reality gap has been our biggest concern this past year," Sherman said in a note to clients Monday.

CNBC Pro subscribers can read more about her downgrade here.

Lululemon stock

— Alex Harring

Business activity slowdown reminiscent of financial crisis, S&P says

Manufacturing and services activity slowed again in January as signs of a looming recession build.

Flash readings from S&P Global released Tuesday morning indicated both sectors in contraction. The services purchase managers index registered a 46.6 reading, up from 44.7 in December but still in contraction area. Likewise, the manufacturing reading was at 46.8, up 0.6 percentage points from the previous month.

Readings below 50 in the surveys indicate contraction as the indexes indicate the percentage level of businesses reporting expansion.

"The US economy has started 2023 on a disappointingly soft note, with business activity contracting sharply again in January," said Chris Williamson, S&P Global's chief business economist. "Although moderating compared to December, the rate of decline is among the steepest seen since the global financial crisis, reflecting falling activity across both manufacturing and services."

The reports also indicated that input prices rose in January after several months of softening trends.

— Jeff Cox

The stock market's mantra in 2023 might be `just follow the dollar'

Computer glitches notwithstanding, stocks on Tuesday are once again following the mantra of what's good for the U.S. dollar is bad for equity prices.

The dollar is stronger and stocks are weaker, as per the recent trend. That was a point made in a report Monday by Morgan Stanley strategist Mike Wilson, noting "Many are pointing to a weaker dollar and China's reopening as positive drivers."

The idea there is that the "weaker dollar does provide some incremental relief on the earnings front," (although Wilson says it's limited.)

The trend in the dollar has been weaker so far in 2023, and the trend in stocks stronger. The Dollar Index (DXY) has fallen 10 days and risen on five, while the S&P 500 advanced on eight days and fell on 7.

Bearing in mind that the currency market has no fixed opening or closing time, nonetheless, on 10 of those 15 trading days (67%), stocks and the dollar were inversely correlated: when the dollar rallied, stocks sank and vice versa.

— Scott Schnipper

Dozens of NYSE-listed stocks briefly halted

Dozens of stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange were halted Tuesday due to a technical issue.

The stocks showed significantly large moves as the market opened and lead to brief volatility halts.

Some of the impacted stocks included Verizon, AT&T, Nike and McDonald's. many stocks resumed trading shortly after.

— Jesse Pound, Samantha Subin

Semi ETF on pace for best start to the year since 2001

The VanEck Semiconductor ETF is on track for its best start to the year since 2001, when it surged 20.43%.

Since the start of January, the SMH has risen more than 17%, driven by more than 20% gains from Nvidia, ASML, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing, Micron and more.

The ETF is also headed for its best month since November, when it jumped 20.35%.

— Samantha Subin

Stocks open lower Tuesday

Stocks opened lower Tuesday as the major averages struggled to build on back-to-back gains.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 166 points, or 0.5%. The S&P 500 slipped 0.6%, and Nasdaq Composite dropped 0.4%.

— Samantha Subin

Gold hits highest level since April

Gold futures hit a high of $1,943.8 Tuesday, the highest level since April. The precious metal rose amid expectations for a less-aggressive interest rate hike path from the Federal Reserve.

Gold miners have had a strong start of the year with the VanEck Gold Miners ETF up 13% year to date, led by Dundee Precious Metals, Equinox, Coeur Mining, which are all up more than 20% this month.

— Yun Li, Gina Francolla

Stocks making the biggest premarket moves

Here are some of the companies making the largest premarket moves:

Verizon — Verizon shares slipped 1.51% after the company posted mixed results for the 2022 fourth quarter. While earnings met analyst predictions, forward earnings fell short of a Refinitiv consensus estimate. .

Bed Bath & Beyond — The meme stock gained 5.78%, building on its dramatic start to the year, even as the retailer warns of a potential bankruptcy. Year to date, Bed Bath & Beyond shares are up 17.1%.

Lockheed Martin — Lockheed Martin shares gained 1.52% after the company posted latest quarterly results. The defense company's revenue came in at $18.99 billion, topping a Refinitiv forecast of $18.27 billion. Lockheed's earnings per share also topped expectations.

For more big movers, check out our full list here.

— Hakyung Kim

Lyft gains 4% following KeyBanc upgrade

Lyft advanced more than 4% before the bell on the back of an upgrade from KeyBanc.

Analyst Justin Patterson upgraded Lyft to overweight from sector weight, noting the stock should be helped by cost-cutting measures and stabilizing demand. He also set a price target of $24, which would reflect a 55.7% upside from where the stock ended Monday's session.

CNBC Pro subscribers can click here to read more about why Patterson anticipates the stock could rally.

Lyft stock

— Alex Harring

Verizon falls on earnings outlook

Verizon shares fell more than 2% before the bell even after it met analysts expectations for the recent quarter.

The telecom giant shared a disappointing full-year adjusted earnings outlook, saying it expects EPS to come in between $4.55 and 4.85 excluding items. FactSet estimates called for EPS of $4.96.

Verizon also reported 41,000 net additions within its wireless retail postpaid business.

— Samantha Subin

3M falls on guidance cut, earnings miss

Shares of 3M declined more than 5% before the bell after the company shared disappointing guidance for the full year and posted an earnings miss.

The industrial conglomerate beats Wall Street's revenue estimates for the recent quarter, although earnings fell short of expectations. The company reported earnings of $2.28 a share on revenues of $8.08 billion. Analysts had expected earnings of $2.36 a share on revenues of $8.04 billion, according to Refinitiv.

For 2023, 3M said it anticipates a 2% to 6% decline in sales and and earnings of $8.50 to $9.00 a share.

3M also said it's cutting 2,500 global manufacturing jobs. 

3M shares fall on guidance cut

— Samantha Subin

GE shares rise on better-than-expected earnings

General Electric traded more than 2% higher in the premarket after the industrial giant posted quarterly results that beat analyst expectations.

GE earned $1.24 per share on revenue of $21.79 billion for the previous quarter. Analysts expected earnings of $1.13 per share on revenue of $21.59 billion, according to Refinitiv.

"2022 marked the beginning of a new era for GE. We successfully launched GE HealthCare, delivered strong financial performance, made significant operational progress, and continued our steadfast commitment to our customers. Thanks to the high-quality work of our team, GE ended the year with solid revenue growth and margin expansion," CEO Larry Culp said in a statement.

— Fred Imbert

AMD falls after Bernstein downgrade

AMD shares slipped more than 2% after Bernstein downgraded the semiconductor manufacturer to market perform from outperform. The firm cited worsening personal computer market trends for the downgrade.

"It must be said that the PC environment has grown considerably worse since then," Bernstein said in a note to client. "And our belief that AMD would prove relatively more immune to channel degradation proved unfortunately incorrect, and in recent months we have been growing more wary of potential PC dynamics."

— Alex Harring

European markets flat as investors digest key PMIs

European markets were mixed on Tuesday with investors digesting the latest flash purchasing managers' index data from the euro zone in January.

The pan-European Stoxx 600 index hovered fractionally above the flatline in early trade, with retail stocks adding 0.7% while oil and gas stocks fell 0.6%.

The S&P Global euro zone composite PMI came in at 50.2 in January, up from 49.3 in December and ahead of a consensus forecast of 49.8.

- Elliot Smith

CNBC Pro: Goldman Sachs Asset Management singles out a corner of the U.S. market with 'great opportunities'

A Goldman Sachs Asset Management strategist has named a segment of the market that could be poised for a comeback this year.

James Ashley, head of international market strategy at Goldman Sachs Asset Management, also pointed toward research that showed these types of companies tend to outperform when inflation is high but falling.

CNBC Pro subscribers can read more here.

— Ganesh Rao

Zions shares fall after earnings

Shares of Zions Bancorp fell more than 2% despite the regional bank beating earnings estimates for the fourth quarter. Zions reported $1.84 in earnings per share, above the $1.65 expected by analysts, according to StreetAccount. Net interest income also beat estimates.

Noninterest income was lower than expected, however, and deposits fell 13% year over year to $71.7 billion.

Shares of Zion gained 2.27% in regular trading on Monday before its earnings were released.

—Jesse Pound

Stocks need to notch this key level to potentially be considered rallying, Dawson says

Stocks rose on Monday, but aren't quite high enough to be considered a true market rally, according to Cameron Dawson of NewEdge Wealth.

"We have to get through the most critical level of 4,100," Dawson said on CNBC's "Closing Bell: Overtime" on Monday. That's because 4,100 is the S&P 500's 65-day high.

The S&P 500 never hit the key moving level in 2022 because it was in a downtrend, Dawson said. If stocks break through this level, it may indicate that the rally has potential to move into a new bull market cycle.

Technicals and positioning can only get stocks so far, she added, before a fundamental shift is needed to really give stocks forward momentum.

"We'd need to see a change in fundamentals to really think this rally will continue," she said.

She cautioned that stocks upside will likely stay capped until the Federal Reserve fully pivots and stimulates the U.S. economy again.

"It's unlikely we can go back to pre-pandemic multiples without help from the Fed," she said.

If stocks are able to rally and break the 65-day high, it would also likely lower the probability of the S&P 500 retesting its October lows, Dawson said.

—Carmen Reinicke

Stock futures open little changed

Futures opened little changed on Monday evening after solid gains for stocks during regular trading hours. There were no large cap earnings reports after the bell to spark major moves in the futures market.

— Jesse Pound

Nasdaq, chip stocks led the way on Monday

Stocks enjoyed a broad rally on Monday. Here's a look at some of the key numbers from the trading session.

  • The Dow gained 254 points, or 0.76%, to close at 33,629.56.
  • The S&P 500 gained 47 points, or 1.19%, to close at 4,019.81.
  • The Nasdaq Composite gained 224 points, or 2.01%, to close at 11,364.41.
  • Nvidia had the largest impact on the Nasdaq, adding 36 points.
  • The VanEck Semiconductor ETF (SMH) rose 4.72% for its best day since Nov. 30.

— Jesse Pound, Christopher Hayes