Australia will replace the portrait of Queen Elizabeth II from its Australian 5-dollar note with a new design to reflect and honor the history of its Indigenous culture, the country's central bank said on Thursday.
The decision follows consultation with the federal government, which supports the change, the Reserve Bank of Australia said in a statement. The other side of the note will continue to feature the Australian Parliament, it said.
Queen Elizabeth's death last year has reignited debates in Australia about its future as a constitutional monarchy. Voters narrowly chose to maintain the British monarch as its head of state in a 1999 referendum.
King Charles III, who became British monarch after his mother's death, is the head of state in Australia, New Zealand and 12 other Commonwealth realms outside the United Kingdom, although the role is largely ceremonial.
Australia in September 2022 said the image of King Charles would not automatically replace Queen Elizabeth on AU$5 notes, and that she might be replaced by Australian figures.
Authorities have said the decision to include the queen's image on the AU$5 dollar note was about her personality as opposed to her status as the monarch.
The decision to update the note comes as Australia's center-left Labor government pushes for a referendum, required to alter the constitution, to recognize Indigenous people in the document and require consultation with them on decisions that affect their lives.
In 2021, Australia officially amended its national anthem to remove reference to the country being "young and free" amid calls to recognize that its Indigenous people are the oldest civilization in the world.
The Reserve Bank said it would consult with Indigenous groups in designing the AU$5 banknote. It will take a number of years to design and print the new banknote. Until then, the current note will continue to be issued.