US oil edges lower as caution prevails

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Oil prices were mixed on Monday, with U.S. oil settling above $104 as supply disruptions in Europe helped halt last week's losses, although cautious investors waited for the results of this week's U.S. Federal Reserve meeting.

Disruptions in Libya, Iraq, and elsewhere have removed well over 500,000 barrels per day (bpd) of supplies from the market. Other suppliers, such as Sudan, may see their exports reduced in the coming weeks, analysts say. North Sea benchmark Forties crude flows have been curbed due to maintenance.

The lost production helped bolster a market that has been worrying about the prospects for fuel demand as a number of economies, including China, experience slower growth.

Brent crude last traded up 0.40 percent above $107, after slipping 0.8 percent last week, the largest weekly decline since May. U.S. light, sweet crude lost 15 cents to settle at $104.55.

Policymakers at the U.S. central bank will meet on Tuesday and Wednesday to discuss monetary policy and are expected to issue a statement Wednesday afternoon.

"It's going to be really difficult to knock the market down before the Fed statement," said Phil Flynn, an analyst at Price Futures Group in Chicago.

"Even though fundamentals seem to show that the prices should be lower, the Fed's promise of quantitative easing could support the market."

Gasoline futures lagged the complex, dipping one cent to $3.036 a gallon after tropical storm Dorian dissipated without causing any damage to the refining industry, and North Atlantic Refining announced that its 115,000 barrel per day Come By Chance refinery in Newfoundland was fully back online.

Carsten Fritsch, senior oil analyst at Commerzbank in Frankfurt, said the market appeared fairly balanced but investors had been "taking money off the table after a strong run-up a couple of weeks ago".

Supply disruptions

DOil exports from several suppliers have been curtailed in recent weeks, stopping or reducing shipments from Libya, Iraq, the North Sea and elsewhere.

The North Sea's Forties pipeline has cut pumping rates by about 40,000 bpd because of maintenance, trade sources said, tightening supply of the crude that underpins the Brent benchmark.

Explosions rocked the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi on Sunday, prompting Marathon Oil Corp to study the sale of its stake in Waha, a key Libyan oil consortium.

The Libyan oil minister said on Monday that operations at the crude oil export terminals of Es Sider and Ras Lanuf continued as normal, despite protests and strikes. ID:nL6N0FZ2NF 3/8

Data from the IntercontinentalExchange (ICE) showed on Monday that large speculators increased their net long positions in Brent crude futures in the week to July 23.

The rise in long positions continues trends from the previous week, when hedge funds took huge positive bets on U.S. crude just before the market turned lower. Positive wagers by money managers on U.S. crude reached a record high for the week ended July 23, data from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission showed.