4. Financial Institutions
More fail, more merge, and the government has a new group it helps in the first quarter. But by year end, look for some institutions try to shake loose their new government shareholder. Other will have the government riding along for a long time to come.
It's the starting point and end of the financial meltdown and unfortunately, it doesn't get better any time soon. By year end, it may start to seem like there's a faint light at the end of the tunnel, not a train. The first part of the year could be just ugly.
The government continues to find creative ways to jump into the inner workings of the financial markets and to save companies from themselves. By the spring, everyone agrees it's now a bad idea and there's been enough interference. In the first quarter, the government's role as shareholder starts to take shape, and we see just how much meddling regulators will do with the companies they oversee.
7. Foreign Affairs
Economic recovery and the functioning of the international banking system are dependant on the cooperation of world leaders and central banks. So far, there's been an unprecedented, far reaching level of cooperation. The challenge in 2009 will be how these forced allegiances perform under pressure. But because each country knows its survival depends on the whole planet thriving, they continue to work on a global solution.
The dollar holds its gains against the euro and other currencies. Risk aversion fades, pushing the yen higher.
9. Uncharted Territory
We hear that about a million and a half times when those who give out advice and make forecasts tell us they could not have predicted what the markets and economy would do next.
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