U.S. equities fell on Tuesday after Goldman Sachs shocked Wall Street by missing estimates. Investors also remained vigilant amid U.S.-North Korea tensions and the nearing of the French presidential election.
"We always say the market moves on earnings and the expectation of earnings," said Jeff Carbone, managing partner of Cornerstone Financial Partners. "We're getting mixed results in the early part of the earnings season."
"Earnings were expected to be very good and now we're taking the 'very' part out of it," he said.
The Dow Jones industrial average closed about 110 points lower, with Goldman shaving off 73 points and Johnson & Johnson taking out 26 points.
"The market has been sideways recently and investors have been looking for a reason to sell off," said Tom Cassidy, chief investment officer at Univest Wealth Management Division.
The S&P 500 fell 0.3 percent with health care, energy and financials leading decliners. The Nasdaq composite declined around 0.1 percent.
Goldman Sachs reported weaker-than-expected first-quarter results across the board, with trading revenue disappointing analysts.
"I'm a little surprised that they missed because the market did so well in the first quarter," said Bruce Bittles, chief investment strategist at Baird. The S&P 500 and the Dow Jones industrial average rose 5.53 percent and 4.56 percent last quarter, respectively.
Last quarter marked the first time since 2015 that Goldman's earnings per share missed analysts' expectations and the first time since the first quarter of last year that sales came below estimates.
Johnson & Johnson also reported mixed quarterly results which sent its shares dropping more than 3 percent. Video-streaming firm Netflix posted better-than-expected earnings, but its guidance fell short of estimates.
Bank of America, meanwhile, reported strong first-quarter results with almost every single metric meeting or topping analyst expectations.
The three major indexes snapped a three-day losing streak on Monday, with the Dow rising more than 180 points, albeit during the lightest trading volume day of the year following the Easter holiday.
"I think this market is trapped in a range and I still think there's some unfinished business to the downside," said Baird's
Investors also remained cautious as U.S.-North Korea tensions lingered. Vice President Mike Pence reassured Japan of American commitment to reining in North Korea's nuclear and missile ambitions on Tuesday, after warning that U.S. strikes in Syria and Afghanistan showed the strength of its resolve.
Pence arrived in Tokyo from South Korea, where he assured leaders of an "iron-clad" alliance with the United States in the face of the reclusive North, which has conducted a series of missile and nuclear tests in defiance of U.N. sanctions.
U.S. Treasury prices rose, sending the benchmark 10-year note yield down to about 2.17 percent while the short-term two-year note yield slipped to 1.165 percent.
Investors also kept an eye on France, as campaigning ramped up ahead of the first round of the presidential election. Left-wing candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon's surge in polls added to investors' worries as it becomes unclear who will win the contest.
European equities fell broadly after UK Prime Minister Theresa May called for a snap election in June. The announcement also sent the British pound for a loop. The currency rose more than 2 percent to $1.284 after briefly falling more than 1 percent.
"No one was expecting this. Not least because the government itself ruled an election before 2020 out barely four weeks ago. But Theresa May has clearly smelt an opportunity to consolidate her mandate ahead of the Brexit negotiations," said Luke Bartholomew, investment manager at Aberdeen Asset Management.
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 113.64 points, or 0.55 percent, to close at 20,523.28, with Goldman Sachs leading decliners and Coca-Cola the top advancer.
The dropped 6.82 points, or 0.29 percent, to end at 2,342.19, with health care leading six sectors lower and consumer staples the biggest riser.
The Nasdaq pulled back 7.32 points, or 0.12 percent, to close at 5,849.47.
Decliners were a step ahead of advancers
The CBOE Volatility Index (VIX), widely considered the best gauge of fear in the market, traded near 14.4.
—CNBC's Juan Aruego and Reuters contributed to this report.
On tap this week:
2:00 p.m. Beige book
Earnings: Travelers, Verizon, Blackstone, Philip Morris, ABB, Bank of NY Mellon, Alliance Data, PPG Industries, Imax, MGIC Investment, KeyCorp, Nucor, Janus, Visa, Sonoco Products, Sherwin-Williams, Mattel, NCR, Danaher
8:30 a.m. Weekly claims
8:30 a.m. Philadelphia Fed
9:45 a.m. Manufacturing PMI
10:00 a.m. Existing home sales
Watch: Goldman deputy CFO on earnings miss