Market Insider

Markets doubt the economy will be strong enough for two Fed rate hikes this year

Key Points
  • Traders are changing their bets on the Fed and now doubt it can hike interest rates two more times this year.
  • U.S. economic data has missed the mark for weeks now.
  • Markets will keep their focus on Washington controversies.
Federal Reserve Board Chairwoman Janet Yellen
Getty Images

The markets are no longer convinced the economy will be strong enough for the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates two more times this year.

U.S. economic data has missed the mark for weeks now, and even though April data is improved over March, it is still disappointing. The market is pricing in about a rate hike and a half, even though the Fed has forecast two more rate hikes for this year. Fed officials have also said they could begin to take action to reduce the Fed's $4 trillion balance sheet by the end of the year.

"The [odds for a] June hike went from 80 percent to around 70 percent," said Aaron Kohli, director of fixed-income strategy at BMO Capital Markets. He said, based on fed funds futures, the odds for a second rate hike by December fell in the last several days to 37 percent from 65 percent.

Kohli said the futures began to reflect more doubt last week, but the move accelerated after the disappointing consumer price index inflation data on Friday.

"The Fed is more or less locked into the June hike, barring some cataclysmic data, but their path is much more questionable, especially if you don't get any fiscal stimulus," he said. Economists mostly expect two more hikes this year, with the next one in June and the second in September.

On Wednesday, traders will be watching for further developments from Washington, after reports that President Donald Trump provided Russian officials with classified information on ISIS, allegedly received from Israel. The New York Times reported after the market close Tuesday that Trump asked former FBI director James Comey to end his investigation into former national security advisor Michael Flynn. Flynn is at the center of the investigation into Trump's campaign ties to Russia. Comey was fired by Trump last week.

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While weak U.S. data was a bigger factor, the Trump saga caught the interest of dollar and bond markets because traders worry any big distraction in Washington will slow down White House and congressional efforts on tax reform and fiscal stimulus.

The latest controversy added to the dollar's decline and helped send bond yields lower. Yields move inversely to prices. Stocks, meanwhile, brushed off the events, and the rallied to a new record high at 6,169, up 20 points. Bank of America Merrill Lynch, meanwhile, released a survey Tuesday showing global fund managers see Nasdaq as the world's most crowded long trade.

Stocks closed mixed, with the off 2 at 20,979 and the down 1 point to 2,400.

The dollar index fell as the euro surged above 1.10 on an improving outlook for Europe. The was trading at 98.16 late Tuesday, a level last seen around Election Day.

"Europe is seeing an acceleration in economic activity, visible in both survey based and real economic statistics. Instead, in the US we are experiencing a deceleration, since the strength in survey based statistics (i.e. The soft data) is now rolling over and the real economic statistics failed to rebound," wrote Alessio de Longis, portfolio manager at OppenheimerFunds Global Multi-Asset Group, in an email.

Jens Nordvig, CEO of Exante Data, said he sees the continuing to rise against the dollar.

"The dollar had a mega move from the summer of 2014 to just recently. That was a 25 percent move in the trade-weighted dollar. That was like a 1980s move. It's not that the dollar is unattractive, it just went so far. I will be bearish dollar versus euro, specifically," said Nordvig.

Nordvig said the Trump news weighed on the dollar but it was already moving lower on the same concerns that created doubts about the Fed rate hikes.

"Obviously, there's some of this Washington concern," said Nordvig. "We had lower inflation numbers. People are starting to doubt whether the Fed is going to go in June and September. Beyond all of this there's a trend change in the euro."

First-quarter growth was just 0.7 percent, but economists are forecasting a pickup to about 3 percent or more for the second quarter. Retail sales Friday were slightly weaker than expected, and housing starts Tuesday also disappointed. However, a positive was the jump in factory production, which was up 1 percent in April after declining 0.4 percent in March.

"The data in the first quarter, particularly March, was weak, and the market was expecting the April data to improve. While it's improving, it's not improving by as much as the market was expecting," said Thanos Vamvakidis, head of global G-10 currency strategy at Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

Vamvakidis said the decline in odds for a June rate hike was surprising. "A week ago, it was a done deal. Now it's not fully priced in," he said. Market odds for September have fallen to about 40 percent from about 50 percent, he added.

On Wednesday, mortgage applications are released at 7 a.m. ET. The New York Fed releases a household debt and credit report at 11 a.m. ET.

Oil inventory data is released at 10:30 a.m.

Earnings are expected from , Tencent, and American Eagle Outfitters before the bell. , and ZTO Express report after the close.

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