Two more Republican senators insisted on changes to tax cut legislation, denting confidence that it will pass in its current form.
"The U.S. dollar is weakening a little and that's benefiting gold," said Ronald Leung, chief dealer at Lee Cheong Gold Dealers in Hong Kong.
Spot gold was up 0.4 percent at $1,257.76 an ounce at 1148 GMT and set for a weekly gain of 0.8 percent.
U.S. gold futures were 0.3 percent higher at $1,260.50 an ounce.
Gold touched a five-month low of $1,235.92 on Monday but recovered after the U.S. Federal Reserve on Wednesday raised interest rates for the third time this year.
Rate rises usually put pressure on gold prices because they push up bond yields, reducing the appeal of non-yielding bullion, and tend to boost the dollar, making gold more expensive for holders of other currencies.
But markets had priced in Wednesday's rise and gold instead rose while the dollar and bond yields fell after the Fed kept its outlook of three rate rises next year unchanged and said U.S. tax cuts would not significantly spur growth.
Previous rate increases have also seen gold sold ahead of the decision and bought after it, said Societe Generale analyst Robin Bhar.
But gold's bounce would be short-lived because other asset classes including equities, industrial metals and even bitcoin appeared to offer better returns, he said.
"If you are a speculator I don't think gold ranks in the top three of where to employ that money. The opportunity cost of gold has gone up because there's better opportunities elsewhere."
Gold is up 9 percent this year while global shares and industrial metals have gained around 20 percent and bitcoin 1,750 percent.
Gold would likely remain in a trading range of $1,200-$1,260, Bhar said.
On the technical side, resistance was at Thursday's high of $1,258 and the 200-day moving average at $1,268, said MKS PAMP trader Tim Brown.
In other precious metals, silver was up 0.6 percent at $15.96 an ounce and set for its first weekly gain in four weeks, up around 0.7 percent.
Platinum was 0.3 percent higher at $880.74 an ounce but set for a fourth weekly fall, down 0.8 percent.
Palladium was flat at $1,033.20 and but up 2.6 percent this week after hitting $1,038 an ounce on Thursday, the highest since early 2001.