On Friday afternoon, Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer met with President Donald Trump at the White House about a possible deal. After the meeting, Schumer said, "We made some progress." However, he said there were still disagreements and that discussions will continue.
The House, with nearly all Republican votes, passed a measure Thursday night that would fund the government through Feb. 16. It would also reauthorize the Children's Health Insurance Program and delay some Affordable Care Act taxes.
However, as it stood Friday afternoon, the bill appeared doomed in the Senate if a vote was taken later in the day, as expected.
Fagen, a partner at DDC Advocacy and a CNBC contributor, believes a shutdown is worse for the Democrats in part because Republicans were able to get a bill through the House.
And she thinks Schumer's visit to the Oval Office raises the stakes for Democrats if he can't get a deal done.
"The Republicans have done a pretty effective job of making sure that Americans know that Chuck Schumer is the guy standing in the way," she said.
— CNBC's Jacob Pramuk contributed to this report.