Taipei is likely to bear the brunt of Beijing's anger, though China is widely expected to continue criticizing Trump's policies directly.
"Whether it is the passage of the Taiwan Travel Act, the submarine agreement, or the rumors of arms sales, Beijing will blame Taiwan and Tsai for tricking the United States," said Shattuck.
In the short term, "Beijing will boost military intimidation against Taiwan," warned Willy Lam, adjunct professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. That could include circumnavigating the area with Chinese naval vessels, or war games involving the invasion of islands off Taiwan's coast, he explained.
"Other measures to isolate Taiwan diplomatically will also be taken," Lam continued.
Beijing, for example, is seeking to normalize relations with The Vatican, Taiwan's only diplomatic ally in Europe. If that happens, the Italian city-state would have to cease recognition of Taiwan.
Chinese President Xi Jinping could also choose to target American companies in Taiwan.
"Beijing will put more pressure on U.S. companies in China to abide by the one-China policy —that is, not acknowledging Taiwan as a separate country — at the risk of their operations being shut down or fined for not complying with China's new cybersecurity law," the Eurasia Group said.
Beijing levied a similar punishment on Marriott this year after the hotel chain listed Hong Kong and Tibet as countries in an online survey.