Paul Ryan's retirement increases the odds that President Trump will be impeached

Key Points
  • House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., announced Wednesday that he will not seek re-election at the end of his current term.
  • The announcement could further dispirit Republicans in the House, who already face a serious threat of losing their majority after the 2018 midterm elections.
  • Although they aren't yet pressing the issue, Democratic leaders could not prevent a 2019 impeachment drive even if they considered it counterproductive.
House Speaker Paul Ryan announces retirement
House Speaker Paul Ryan announces retirement

Among its other consequences, Speaker Paul Ryan's retirement from the House increases the chance that President Donald Trump will be impeached.

Ryan's decision accelerates the ongoing competition among his deputies to become the leader of the GOP in the House. But it will also dispirit fellow Republicans, diminish his ability to raise campaign funds and encourage more vulnerable incumbents to retire.

All of that smooths the path for Democrats to recapture the House in November and hand Nancy Pelosi the speaker's gavel once again. And there's little doubt that a Democratic-controlled House would seek to impeach the president.

That's not a subject Democrats want to highlight as they woo swing voters on the 2018 campaign trail. More Republicans, in fact, highlight it in hopes of heightening alarm among their own supporters. Yet with 9 in 10 Democratic voters disapproving Trump's performance as special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation closes in, leaders of a Democratic House could not prevent a 2019 impeachment drive even if they considered it counterproductive.

House Speaker Paul Ryan (R-WI), announces he will not seek re-election for another term in Congress, during a news conference at the US. Capitol, on April 11, 2018 in Washington, DC.
Getty Images

Election Day remains about seven months away. Democrats need a net gain of 23 seats to recapture a majority.

But every midterm campaign represents a referendum on the president's performance, and Trump remains broadly unpopular outside the GOP. David Wasserman, a leading analyst of House races at the Cook Political Report, calls Ryan's announcement "a deep blow to his party's morale" and says the odds of a Democratic victory in November have risen to 75 percent.

Ryan is among the approximately 40 House Republican declining to seek re-election — about twice the number of Democrats leaving. His departure will encourage colleagues unsure about their prospects to make the same decision.

Indeed, another House Republican, Dennis Ross of Florida, followed Ryan by announcing Wednesday that he won't seek re-election either. Wasserman notes that 57 other Republicans represent districts in states where the legal deadline for declaring campaign plans has not arrived.

Ryan's stature within the party, burnished by his 2012 vice presidential nomination and career-long commitment to tax cuts, has made him a prodigious fundraiser for other Republicans. The $44 million he raked in as a House leader during 2017 represented a non-election-year record.

Impending retirement reduces his financial drawing power. And because he intends to remain in his post through the end of the year, would-be successors Kevin McCarthy and Steve Scalise won't have the marquee value the speaker's gavel provides.

A Democratic House would have immense policy consequences for the Republican administration. While road-blocking conservative priorities, it would boost chances for bipartisan compromise on issues such as infrastructure.

It would hardly assure that Trump's opponents could force him from office. To begin with, an impeachment drive could fail to attract a majority of the House.

Even if it did, conviction on impeachment charges and removal from office requires a two-thirds vote in the Senate. Democrats currently control just 49 seats in the chamber, with prospects for only a handful more in the most optimistic election scenarios.

But the career decision Ryan announced Wednesday morning amounts to a forecast of political weather for 2018 and beyond. The storms around Trump keep rising.

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