Stocks closed lower on Wednesday, erasing sharp gains, as positive news on the trade front was not enough to fend off declines in tech and financials shares.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 165.52 points to close at 24,117.59, with Intel among the worst-performing stocks in the index. The pulled back 0.9 percent to 2,699.63 as tech fell 1.5 percent. The Nasdaq composite dropped 1.5 percent 7,445.08, as Amazon and Alphabet declined 1.8 percent and 1.4 percent, respectively. Declines in Facebook and Netflix also pushed the Nasdaq lower.
Financials gave back gains from earlier in the session, notching a record 13 straight days of losses. The Financials Select Sector SPDR Fund (XLF) closed 1.3 percent lower. Bank of America, J.P. Morgan Chase, Morgan Stanley and Citigroup all fell at least 1 percent.
The Dow rose as much as 285.91 points earlier in the session as a crackdown on Chinese tech investments by the Trump administration was less restrictive than expected.
“If you look at the day-to-day gyrations, it’s the unknowns around trade that’re driving the market,” said Phil Blancato, CEO of Ladenburg Thalmann Asset Management. “This seems like a targeted approach (by the Trump administration), which is smart, rather than a broad-brush approach” to trade.
Reports earlier in the week suggested that the White House would more actively restrict investment in technology firms by Chinese companies, but instead it appears it will rely on CFIUS. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin told CNBC's "Squawk Box" that the department can block U.S.-China ventures if there is technology transferred, however.
"Clearly, this was not as onerous as people thought," said Marc Chaikin, CEO of Chaikin Analytics. "I think investors have to stay the course and ignore the headlines."
"We've got a mercurial president that says one thing but could very quickly change his mind or do something different," Chaikin said.
Prior to the administration's announcement, stock index futures had fallen sharply, with Dow futures indicating steep losses for the open. Futures immediately recovered following the announcement.
Markets around the world have been on a roller-coaster ride in recent weeks as fears around trade tensions between the U.S. and other major economies escalate. Not only is the U.S. in a tit-for-tat war of words with China on tariffs, but now the European Union is involved.
Last week, President Donald Trump threatened a 20 percent tariff on all car imports from the EU. He added that if the EU chose not to remove its duties on American vehicles, then the U.S. would have no choice but to act on those levies.
“Trade concerns are going to be here for a while,” said Gene Goldman, head of research at Cetera Investment Management. “I feel like the administration will keep up this rhetoric until we get to the midterms.”
“But the good news is the fundamentals are still pretty good,” Goldman said, noting that earnings and the broader economy remain strong.
Economists and experts have raised concern about tariffs slowing down the U.S. economy. However, Mnuchin said he is expecting a "big" GDP number for the second quarter. He noted Wednesday on "Squawk Box" that: "We have an economy that is here because of the president's tax plan and the president's regulatory relief and we always said trade is part of this."
"The equity market will remain choppy until trade uncertainties recede and global growth momentum bottoms," strategists at MRB Partners said in a note. They added, however that, "while the threat of protectionism has risen in recent weeks, we do not expect trade restrictions to derail the global expansion."
Energy stocks rose 1.3 percent as oil prices added to their strong gains from Tuesday. Crude rose 3.2 percent to $72.76 per barrel a day after the State Department ordered companies who import Iranian oil to reduce those imports to zero by November.
General Electric shares gained 1.6 percent after Oppenheimer upgraded the stock to perform from underperform, citing its debt-reduction plan.