Abe will meet Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang during his visit which begins on Thursday through Saturday. Their meeting will be significant as it is the first stand-alone journey to the country by a Japanese leader in nearly seven years.
The meeting "comes at a time when both Chinese and the Japanese have mutual concerns about the United States, particularly with President [Donald] Trump and his policies," said Victor Teo, assistant professor at the University of Hong Kong's department of Japanese studies.
That has spurred China and Japan to improve bilateral ties despite historical and geopolitical disagreements.
"It is really the fact that President Trump has announced the 'America First' policy and has launched essentially a trade war with China that is giving China the incentive to get closer to Japan," Glen Fukushima, senior fellow at the Center for American Progress told CNBC's "Squawk Box" on Thursday.