Europe Politics

UK prime minister to face no-confidence vote as Brexit hangs in the balance

Key Points
  • British Prime Minister Theresa May will face a vote of no-confidence from members of her own Conservative party on Wednesday.
  • May says she will fight the vote "with everything I've got."
  • The backlash against her leadership comes as May tries to salvage her Brexit deal.
  • Northern Ireland's border is a key bone of contention for MPs.
UK PM May: Way to ensure no no-deal is to strike a deal

British Prime Minister Theresa May will face a vote of no-confidence from members of her own Conservative party on Wednesday.

The threshold of support needed to trigger a no-confidence vote in the prime minister was reached Tuesday evening, according to Graham Brady, chairman of the Conservative Party's '1922 Committee', a group of influential backbench members of parliament (MPs).

The vote was triggered after 15 percent of the Conservative parliamentary party submitted letters to Brady in recent weeks. A ballot will now be held between 1800 to 2000 (London time) on December 12, the 1922 Committee said in a press release.

"I will contest that vote with everything I've got," Theresa May said on the steps of Downing Street on Wednesday.

By mid-morning, 110 Conservative MPs had publicly backed the prime minister, Sky News reported. May needs a simple majority to win the confidence vote, that is, 158 out of the 315 Conservative MPs eligible to vote in the secret ballot.

She said the entire Brexit process would be put at risk if a change of leadership took place. "The British people want us to get on with it (Brexit) and they want us to focus on the other matters that matter to them too."

Theresa May: I will contest no-confidence vote with everything I’ve got

The Chairman of the 1922 Committee Graham Brady told reporters outside the Houses of Parliament on Wednesday that he had spoken with the prime minister Tuesday evening after the confidence vote threshold was met. "It is beneficial to resolve this matter as quickly and as smoothly as possible," he told CNBC's Willem Marx.

May has already received the backing of key ministers in her Cabinet, including from those seen as potential future Conservative leaders, such as Environment Secretary Michael Gove.

Home Secretary Sajid Javid also voiced his support, saying the "country does not need a leadership election right now."

Under party rules, if 48 Conservative MPs submit letters to the chair of the 1922 Committee stating they no longer support her, a confidence vote is held.

One of the MPs that submitted a letter of no-confidence is prominent and influential Brexiteer Jacob Rees-Mogg. Although he was a one-time ally of Theresa May, he told CNBC on Tuesday that now it is May's "duty" to resign.

"Normally when a prime minister loses her main policy she resigns, that is the main constitutional convention, they don't just carry on regardless … The prime minister only holds office as long as she maintains the confidence of the House of Commons (the lower house of the U.K.'s parliament)," he said, adding:

"I think (on Monday when she announced the parliamentary vote would be delayed) the prime minister lost that and ought to resign."

Graham Brady speaks after no-confidence vote in May triggered

If May loses the vote Wednesday evening, a leadership challenge would be announced (May would not be allowed to stand for re-election) and a general election would likely follow.

Backstop problems

The leadership vote comes as Theresa May desperately tries to salvage her Brexit deal after widespread opposition to the 'withdrawal agreement.'

May went on the charm offensive on the continent Tuesday after pulling the plug on a parliamentary vote on the deal that was due on Tuesday. The deal had faced stiff opposition from many MPs from both the pro-Brexit and 'Remainer' camp in parliament, from those within her own Conservative party and other opposition parties.

Her decision to delay the parliamentary vote – known as a "meaningful vote" on the deal and designed to give MPs a say on the withdrawal agreement – was made as it became clear that the Brexit deal, at least in its current form, would not be approved by a majority in parliament.

For most MPs, the main bone of contention is what's known as the Northern Irish "backstop."

Theresa May needs 159 votes from her party to keep role as Prime Minister

When the U.K. leaves the EU in March 2019 a 21-month transition period begins in which it's hoped that U.K. and EU can strike a trade deal. If this does not happen (although the transition period could be extended) the backstop will kick in, ensuring there is no hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. The backstop is controversial as the measure is seen as indefinite and would mean the Northern Ireland remains largely aligned to the EU., an unpalatable prospect for many in the U.K.

May said she would try to renegotiate parts of the deal and now a new vote will have to be held before January 21 2019, leaving little time for future amendments and raising the prospect of a no-deal Brexit – the "cliff-edge" scenario that most people want to avoid.

In a bid to get changes made to the backstop, May made a whistle-stop tour of Europe on Tuesday, meeting with the leaders of Germany and the Netherlands and the presidents of the European Council and European Commission, Donald Tusk and Jean-Claude Juncker. May was due to meet Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar on Wednesday but cancelled the trip because of the confidence vote.

May might be trying to find friends in Europe willing to help her get tweaks to her moribund Brexit deal but whether she will secure any concessions is uncertain. "There is no room whatsoever" to re-negotiate the Brexit deal, the European Commission's President Jean-Claude Juncker told the European Parliament on Tuesday. Sterling is hovering around a 20-month low against the dollar Wednesday.

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