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Parents in Germany who choose not to vaccinate their children against the measles could face a $2,800 fine.
Health Minister Jens Spahn submitted a bill to Chancellor Angela Merkel this week that would require vaccinations in an effort to combat the rising rates of the disease.
"In a free country I have to be able to rely on the fact that my counterpart does not endanger me unnecessarily. That, too, is a condition of freedom," Spahn said in an interview with German newspaper Bild am Sonntag. "No child in Germany would have to die from this disease."
Parents of eligible school-age children will be fined for not getting their children vaccinated, and unvaccinated children under 6 will not be allowed to participate in preschool programs. Educators and people coming into close contact with children at schools also need to be vaccinated, Spahn said.
"We want to protect all children from getting infected with measles," he said.
Measles is highly contagious but preventable with the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine.
Germany currently has reported some of the highest measles cases in the European Union, with 651 reported incidents from last March to February 2019, according to data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. There were nearly 12,000 reported cases overall in the EU.
Worldwide, rates of the measles are rising. In the first two months of 2019, more than 34,000 people in Europe were infected with measles, according to the World Health Organization.
Last year, 72 people across Europe died from measles, according to the WHO.
Germany's isn't the first government to use monetary fines as a way to encourage vaccinations. New York Mayor Bill de Blasio announced April 9 that residents of the borough of Brooklyn had 48 hours to get the MMR vaccine or face $1,000 in fines. The city health department said Tuesday it's so far threatened to fine 84 people for failing to comply with the order.