The third time is "not the charm" for an S&P 500 breakout, according to Morgan Stanley.
"While our 2400–3000 call from 18 months ago may look vulnerable, we think this latest surge will fail again, as we don't expect a Fed cut to rekindle growth the way market participants may be hoping, and now pricing," said Mike Wilson, Morgan Stanley's chief U.S. equity strategist and chief investment officer, in a note to clients Monday.
In the last 18 months, the S&P 500 has peaked close to or just above the 3,000 range three times. The last two times were followed by a market correction and this time is no different, according to Wilson. While The Federal Reserve is likely to cut interest rates by 25 basis points Wednesday, the boost from the easing will not sustain the breakout that many investors are expecting, he said.
A growth slowdown fueled by a trade war between the U.S and China and the Fed's policy pivot have caused interest rates to fall. This low-rate environment has made equities appear attractive when they are not, preventing a larger expansion, said Wilson.
Company leadership "remains decidedly defensive," said Wilson. This was demonstrated Friday when gross private domestic investment took a full percentage point off the final second-quarter GDP number. Gross private domestic investment tumbled 5.5%, the worst since the fourth quarter in 2015.
"Big disappointments in capital spending and business surveys suggest growth could slow further in 2H," he said.
Wilson also raised a red flag that earnings forecasts have fallen since the start of the year.
"We remain of the view that the consensus S&P 500 earnings forecasts are still materially too high for both the second half of 2019 and 2020 and think the Fed's expected rate cut next week should not be celebrated if it is accompanied by an earnings and possibly economic recession," he said.
The S&P 500 closed down 0.16% on Monday.
— with reporting from CNBC's Michael Bloom.