Six small bombs and six fire-bombs went off in the Thai capital last Friday as the city hosted a meeting of Southeast Asian foreign ministers that was also attended by top diplomats from the United States, China, and other world powers.
Thai police said the newly discovered firebomb at the Prathunam market in central Bangkok was similar to those set off on Friday.
"The device functioned, but the fire did not catch because it was hidden underneath a pile of clothes so there was not enough oxygen for the fire," a police officer told Reuters on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to the media.
"The device is timer-triggered and is attached to a power bank, the same sort that were used in last week's attacks, and it was likely placed ... around the same time as other devices," he said.
Thai Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha said authorities have detained nine suspects, including two men who were arrested on Friday, accused of planting two bombs in front of the police headquarters in central Bangkok a day earlier.
The two suspects are from Narathiwat province, one of the largely Malay-Muslim provinces in Thailand's deep south where more than a decade-long insurgency has left nearly 7,000 people dead since 2014.
Deputy Prime Minister Prawit Wongsuwan told reporters that Friday's coordinated attacks were "linked to a southern group" but did not elaborate on the details, saying that more investigation is needed to determine who order the attack.