Asia Pacific markets traded mixed on Monday as Brexit developments over the weekend created further uncertainty over the United Kingdom's impending departure from the European Union.
In Japan, the Nikkei 225 rose 0.25% to 22,548.90 while the Topix index added 0.41% to 1,628.60.
Mainland Chinese shares traded down: The Shanghai composite closed near flat, the Shenzhen composite declined 0.11% to 1,614.87 and the Shenzhen component advanced 0.21% to 9,553.57.
In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng index traded near flat in later-afternoon trade.
Overall, MSCI's broadest index of Asia shares outside Japan rose 0.28%.
"Global markets and political events appear to be in the "half-full" mode, whereby outcomes are not altogether dire; even if some degree of uncertainty and risks linger," Vishnu Varathan, head of economics and strategy at Mizuho Bank, wrote in a morning note.
U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson was thwarted by a cross-party group of politicians in Parliament who voted to postpone the "meaningful vote" on his new Brexit deal. That forced Johnson to ask Brussels for an extension to the current October 31 departure deadline, but EU leaders don't necessarily have to accept it.
This week, the British government will present the full Withdrawal Agreement Bill to try and pass it through both the upper and lower houses of Parliament. A decisive vote by lawmakers would likely come later in the week.
The pound "is likely to remain somewhat volatile, but supported, because it appears the chances of a hard (no deal) Brexit are very slim, and either another Brexit delay, or the ratification of the new Withdrawal Agreement in the U.K. House of Commons, will occur this week," currency strategists at the Commonwealth Bank of Australia wrote in a morning note.
The British pound changed hands at $1.2914, climbing from an earlier level around $1.2873 but lower than its previous close at $1.2971.
Elsewhere, the U.S. and China made 'substantial progress' at trade talks, according to Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, Reuters reported. After reaching a partial trade deal earlier this month, Beijing and Washington are working to pen a written agreement.
Both sides have applied tariffs on billions of dollars worth of each other's products, which have roiled global markets, created business uncertainty and dented economic outlooks around the world. China said last week its economy grew by 6% on-year in the third quarter, which is believed to be the slowest GDP gain for the country in at least 27.5 years.
"US-China trade tensions are weighing on China's manufacturing and export sectors while Beijing's measured fiscal and monetary stimulus are only an offsetting force," Rodrigo Catril, a senior foreign-exchange strategist at the National Australia Bank, wrote in a morning note.
"China's economic growth is slowing as officials have one eye on US tensions while at the same time they strive to tidy up the financial system and limit excessive credit growth," Catril said, adding if U.S. tariffs are not removed, "further economic slowdown looks likely."
The U.S. dollar traded at 97.343 against a basket of its peers, dropping from levels near 97.400.
Oil prices were mostly up by Monday afternoon during Asian hours. U.S. crude erased earlier losses to trade up 0.19% to $53.88 per barrel while global benchmark Brent reversed declined to trade near flat at $59.44.
The main factor that has pulled demand and demand projections down in the oil market is the U.S.-China trade war, according to Vandana Hari, founder of Vanda Insights.
"The bottom line for me, and for people watching the oil markets, is 'Are the tariffs going to be removed anytime soon?' The answer to that is no," she told CNBC's "Street Signs" on Monday. "If they aren't removed, I really don't see how the headwinds, which are causing all this demand growth slowdown, will go away."