- The deal could be worth up to $10 billion. Oracle and IBM were removed from the competition earlier this year, and last month Amazon was knocked out.
- President Trump often criticizes Amazon and its CEO, Jeff Bezos, who also owns The Washington Post.
- The Pentagon announced in August that Defense Secretary Mark Esper would review the JEDI deal after Trump said he had received complaints from companies about the process.
Amazon said Thursday it has filed a notice in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims indicating a plan to protest the Pentagon's decision to give Microsoft a multibillion dollar contract for cloud computing services.
The Pentagon said Oct. 25 that Microsoft had won the contract, which could span 10 years and be worth up to $10 billion. It was originally due to be awarded last year. The Wall Street Journal reported on Amazon's protest plans earlier on Thursday. Amazon and its founder and CEO, Jeff Bezos, is a frequent target of President Donald Trump.
The contract amounts to a major win for Microsoft under CEO Satya Nadella, who has made cloud services a higher priority. For Amazon it would be smaller; its Amazon Web Services division had $9 billion in revenue in the most recent quarter.
"Numerous aspects of the JEDI evaluation process contained clear deficiencies, errors, and unmistakable bias — and it's important that these matters be examined and rectified," Amazon told CNBC in an email.
A Pentagon official said it would not speculate on potential litigation. Microsoft didn't immediately respond to requests for comment.
The Pentagon announced in August that Esper would review the deal after Trump said he had received complaints from companies about the process. Trump said in July that companies conveyed that the specifications of the contract favored Amazon, according to Bloomberg.
"I never had something where more people are complaining," Trump said last month at the White House. "Some of the greatest companies in the world are complaining about it," he added, naming Microsoft, Oracle and IBM.
Trump often criticizes Amazon and Bezos, who also owns The Washington Post. The president, without citing evidence, has accused the Post of making up stories about him.
The lucrative contract, originally scheduled to be awarded in September 2018, was postponed until Defense Secretary Mark Esper completed a series of thorough reviews of the technology.
"We've got to get this right, so we are not going to rush to a decision. We are going to spend whatever time the evaluation team needs to spend to make sure we are picking the best technical solution at the right price with the right criteria," Dana Deasy, the Pentagon's chief information officer, told reporters in a closed-door media roundtable at the Pentagon.
"We don't have an enterprise approach," Deasy added. "We have a bunch of siloed solutions we built. We have lots of vendors we're using for cloud solutions, but we've never stepped back and created a holistic solution, and that is causing challenges out in the field."
-- CNBC's Ylan Mui contributed to this report.