- While the odds are stacked against players hitting the jackpot — your chance is about 1 in 292 million — the IRS gets a piece of every big win.
- The 24% federal withholding on this jackpot's cash option of $160.7 million would be about $38.6 million, and you'd likely owe more at tax time.
- State and local taxes — which range from zero to more than 8% — would be additional.
With no one hitting all six numbers in the Powerball drawing on Wednesday night, the jackpot has surged higher.
After more than eight weeks with no big winner, the lottery game's top prize is $237 million for Saturday night's drawing. And while the odds are stacked against players hitting it — your chance is about 1 in 292 million — the IRS always gets a slice.
Whether you take the jackpot as an annuity spread out over three decades or as an immediate, reduced lump sum, 24% is withheld for federal taxes. However, the current top marginal rate of 37% would mean owing the federal government a lot more.
"There is still a sizable tax bill coming, for sure," said April Walker, lead manager for tax practice and ethics at the American Institute of CPAs.
"Winners have to plan for any additional amount that will be due ... to the IRS and the state," she said.
For Saturday's $237 million Powerball drawing, the cash option is $160.7 million. The 24% federal withholding would reduce that amount by $38.6 million, leaving you with $122.1 million.
Assuming you had no reductions to your taxable income — such as large charitable contributions — another 13%, or $20.9 million, would be due to the IRS at tax time (which would be April 2021 for jackpots claimed in 2020).
That would be $59.5 million in all going to Uncle Sam, leaving you with a cool $101.2 million.
However, state or local taxes would be on top of that. Those levies range from zero to more than 8%, depending on where the ticket was purchased and where the winner lives. In other words, you could end up paying more than 45% in taxes.
And, like the federal withholding rate on jackpot wins, the amount withheld for state taxes might also be less than what you'll owe.
"They might withhold at, say, 5%, but the rate you pay might be 6%," Walker said.
There are ways to reduce the amount of winnings that gets taxed, although not many.
The charitably inclined can lower their taxable income by making a cash donation of up to 60% of their adjusted gross income and carry forward, up to five years, any excess amount.
Some lottery winners set up their own charitable foundation or similar option, such as a donor-advised fund, and donate a portion of their windfall to it.
"That would be a way to direct charitable contributions over a period of time but take the deduction [for the current tax year]," Walker said.
Despite forking over a hefty amount to federal and state coffers, the after-tax amount would likely be life-changing. Experts say jackpot winners should assemble a team of experienced professionals — an attorney, a tax advisor and a financial advisor — to help navigate their sudden wealth.