The Bank of England (BOE) announced Wednesday an emergency cut to interest rates in an attempt to limit the economic impact from the new coronavirus.
The announcement follows a similar decision by the U.S. Federal Reserve last week. The virus that began in China late last year has spread worldwide and is impacting all major economies, with flight cancellations, panic buying and strict quarantine measures in some cases. As of Wednesday morning, the U.K. had 382 confirmed cases of the coronavirus, including the country's health minister Nadine Dorries.
"At its special meeting ending on 10 March 2020, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) voted unanimously to reduce Bank Rate by 50 basis points to 0.25%," the Bank of England said in a statement on Wednesday.
The central bank also announced a new term-funding scheme to support small and medium-sized companies, as well as new steps to help commercial banks lend more.
"Following the spread of Covid-19, risky asset and commodity prices have fallen sharply, and government bond yields reached all-time lows, consistent with a marked deterioration in risk appetite and in the outlooks for global and U.K. growth," the BOE said in a statement, adding that "indicators of financial market uncertainty have reached extreme levels."
Equity markets saw a major sell-off on Monday on the back of an emergency lockdown in Italy and amid fears of a price war among oil-exporting nations.
Speaking at a press conference, Governor Mark Carney said that the coronavirus is a different form of shock than the crisis of 2008. "The financial system was the core of the problem ... there is no reason for this shock to turn into the experience of 2008, if we handle it well."
Data released last month showed that the U.K. economy stagnated in the last part of 2019. The U.K. struggled with some political uncertainty at the end of the year. The country has also been embroiled in economic uncertainty since its decision to leave the European Union in 2016.
"If we are now trying to encourage people to stay at home and not travel, what on Earth is a rate cut supposed to do?," Jim O'Neill, chair at U.K. thinktank Chatham House, told CNBC's "Squawk Box Europe" Wednesday.
"The rate cut part strikes me as a mistake and too soon because they might need these bullets if demand does get a lot weaker," O'Neill, who coined the term BRIC (the acronym that stands for the emerging market economies of Brazil, Russia, India, and China) also said.
The rate cut comes as Carney is due to end his mandate at the bank in the next couple of days. The emergency move also brings rates back down to the level seen immediately following the Brexit vote.
David Owen, chief European economist at Jefferies, said in an email Wednesday that it was highly unusual for the BOE to move between meetings. "(It) didn't even happen in the financial crisis after the stock market had crashed," he said.
The decision from the Bank of England also comes just a few hours before the country's finance chief is due to deliver new budget plans. Rishi Sunak is expected to announce new fiscal stimulus to tackle the impact of virus.
Karen Ward, chief market strategist at JPMorgan Asset Management, said in an email: "We believe targeted fiscal measures would prove more effective (than rate cuts).
"In short, interest rate cuts will help, so long as they are playing the supporting act to pro-active government stimulus," Ward added in an email.
The first budget plan under the leadership of Prime Minister Boris Johnson is expected to increase public spending, in particular on infrastructure and health services. Some analysts are also expecting tax cuts and an inevitable deviation from fiscal consolidation.
The budget will focus "on emergency policy measures to deal with the growing risks from covid-19," Kallum Pickering, U.K. economist at Berenberg bank, said Monday.
"If there was ever a time to act boldly with fiscal policy in order to keep a fundamentally healthy economy afloat through a temporary shock, then this is it," he added.