US weekly jobless claims total 3.169 million, bringing seven-week tally to 33.5 million

Key Points
  • Jobless claims last week totaled 3.17 million, the Labor Department reported Thursday.
  • Though the numbers remain elevated, it's the lowest total since shortly after the coronavirus was declared a pandemic.
  • The seven-week running total is now 33.5 million.
3.169 million Americans filed new jobless claims in the last week of April
3.169 million Americans filed new jobless claims in the last week of April

Unemployment rolls continued to swell in the U.S. last week, though jobless claims hit their lowest level since the economy went into lockdown made to battle the coronavirus pandemic.

First-time filings for unemployment insurance hit 3.17 million last week, bringing the total to 33.5 million over the past seven weeks, the Labor Department reported Thursday. The total was slightly higher than the 3.05 million expected by economists surveyed by Dow Jones and below the previous week's 3.846 million, which was revised up by 7,000.

Though the numbers remain stark, it was the lowest total since the second week of March, shortly after the World Health Organization declared the coronavirus strain a pandemic.

Stock market futures reacted little to the data and continued to indicate about a 300-point gain at the open for the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

The four-week moving average, which smooths volatility in the numbers, slid to 4,173,500, a decrease of 861,500 from the previous week's average and a further indicator that the worst of the jobs news may be over. Numbers not adjusted for seasonality showed a total of 2.85 million claims, a decrease of 646,613, or 18.5%, from the previous week. Some economists think the unadjusted numbers are more relevant for the current unprecedented situation as they are not as affected by seasonal factors.

Florida was most responsible for the big dip in unadjusted numbers, reporting about 260,000 fewer claims over the past week. Maryland reported a jump of 27,337.

At the current pace, the week claims numbers should fall below 1 million by mid-June, according to Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics. "We're very hopeful that June will see the beginnings of a rebound as states begin to reopen," Shepherdson said.

The advance number of actual initial claims under state programs, unadjusted, totaled 2,849,090 in the week that ended Saturday, a decrease of 646,613 (or -18.5 percent) from the previous week. However, continuing claims, or those who have filed within at least the last two weeks and are still on the rolls, rose 4.6 million to 22.6 million.

The jump in continuing claims "is a little disappointing since it suggests few people are being recalled to work," said Paul Ashworth, chief U.S. economist at Capital Economics.

The layoffs associated with social distancing practices have wiped out all of the job gains the economy has seen since the recovery from the Great Recession.

The latest jobless claims numbers come a day before the Labor Department releases its nonfarm payrolls report for April. Economists surveyed by Dow Jones expect a plunge of 21.5 million, easily the worst month in U.S. history, with the unemployment rate surging to 16%.

There was another indication Thursday that the jobs picture will remain difficult.

Outplacement firm Challenger, Gray & Christmas reported that announced layoff intentions from companies in April jumped to 671,129, the highest number since tracking began in January 1993.

How unemployment benefits are calculated
How unemployment benefits are calculated