- The House voted to increase the direct payments in the year-end coronavirus relief bill to $2,000.
- President Donald Trump signed the legislation into law Sunday, after days of saying he opposed the measure because it includes only $600 stimulus checks.
- The GOP-held Senate may not pass the larger direct payments, though Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer has said he will push for a vote.
The House voted Monday to increase the second round of federal direct payments to $2,000 as Democrats embrace President Donald Trump's calls to put more money in Americans' pockets.
The measure would boost the stimulus checks in the year-end coronavirus relief and government funding package to $2,000 from $600. The vote came a day after Trump signed the more than $2 trillion pandemic aid and full-year government spending bill into law.
The House passed the payments in a fast-track procedure with just enough support to meet the two-thirds threshold needed. The chamber approved the measure in a 275-134 vote.
Democrats backed the bill by a 231-2 margin. Forty-four GOP representatives supported the measure and 130 voted against it, after days of calls by the Republican Trump to increase the payments to $2,000.
A spokesman for Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., did not immediately respond to a request to comment on whether the chamber would vote on the House-passed bill. In a Sunday statement cheering Trump's decision to pass the year-end legislation, McConnell did not mention any plans to vote on larger payments.
Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., said Monday that he would try to pass the legislation in the Senate on Tuesday.
"Every Senate Democrat is for this much-needed increase in emergency financial relief, which can be approved tomorrow if no Republican blocks it – there is no good reason for Senate Republicans to stand in the way," he said in a statement.
Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., said Monday he would delay the Senate's plans to override Trump's veto of the National Defense Authorization Act this week unless the chamber votes on the bigger checks.
"Let me be clear: If Senator McConnell doesn't agree to an up or down vote to provide the working people of our country a $2,000 direct payment, Congress will not be going home for New Year's Eve. Let's do our job," he said in a statement.
Last week, the president called the relief and funding legislation passed by Congress a "disgrace." He waited days to sign the package after he received it from Congress. Trump claimed he opposed the bill — which his Treasury secretary helped to negotiate and which included many of his White House's budget priorities — because it included too little direct money to Americans and too much foreign aid.
When asked whether the $600 payments were still on course to go out starting this week as Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin previously said, a senior Treasury official said the department expects to make the payments on the same timeline he discussed. If Congress does approve the $2,000 checks, the department will then add to the already issued money.
In a statement explaining his decision to sign the legislation Sunday, Trump noted that the House and potentially the Senate could move to approve larger cash deposits. However, most Republicans in the GOP-held Senate have opposed even a $1,200 check.
Trump's gambit caps a chaotic eight months of efforts in Washington to send another round of coronavirus relief. Americans waited months for more help after financial lifelines that aided them through the early months of the pandemic expired over the summer. Trump's delays in signing the year-end bill may cost millions of jobless Americans a week of unemployment benefits after two key relief programs briefly expired.
The president's signature prevented a government shutdown that would have started Tuesday. More delays also would have jeopardized a federal eviction moratorium, which the bill extends by a month through Jan. 31.
Democrats have called the relief bill a down payment and plan to push for more aid after President-elect Joe Biden takes office Jan. 20. As they had called for larger direct payments throughout aid talks, they jumped on the president's support for $2,000 deposits.
On Monday, Biden also told reporters he backs $2,000 payments.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., has called on Trump to put more pressure on his party to back the checks.
"To reject this would be in denial of the economic challenges that people are facing and it would deny them, again, the relief they need," she said Monday ahead of the House vote.
At least one Senate Republican, Marco Rubio of Florida, said he would support the larger payments.
"I share many of my colleagues' concern about the long-term effects of additional spending, but we cannot ignore the fact that millions of working class families across the nation are still in dire need of relief," he said in a statement Monday.
House Democrats already tried to pass $2,000 payments by unanimous consent during a pro forma session on Thursday. However, the vote failed because House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif., did not approve it.
Earlier this month, Sen. Ron Johnson, R-Wis., twice rejected attempts to unanimously pass $1,200 direct payments in the Senate. Sanders and Sen. Josh Hawley, R-Mo., pushed for the checks as part of the relief package.
Schumer's move to put pressure on Senate Republicans comes as two GOP incumbents — Sens. David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler — compete in Jan. 5 runoffs in Georgia that will determine control of the Senate and shape Biden's agenda. Democrats have made pandemic relief a major issue in the races.
The $900 billion pandemic aid portion of the legislation includes the $600 payments along with a $300 per week federal unemployment insurance supplement into mid-March. It extends programs that allow freelance, gig and self-employed workers to receive benefits and increase the number of weeks people can receive insurance.
The bill puts over $300 billion more into small business support, mostly in the form of forgivable Paycheck Protection Program loans. It creates a $25 billion rental assistance fund.
It includes more than $8 billion for Covid-19 vaccine distribution and $20 billion to make shots free to Americans. It also puts $82 billion into education as schools struggle to reopen, and $45 billion into transportation, which includes airline payroll support.
The relief package does not put money into state and local government relief, which Democrats and many Republicans support as a measure to prevent layoffs. However, GOP leaders have opposed approving the aid without also creating a shield for businesses from coronavirus-related lawsuits.
Democrats plan to push for state and local support and another round of direct payments, among other aid measures, after Biden takes office.
— CNBC's Ylan Mui contributed to this report