Economy

Bill Ackman calls for the Fed to start raising interest rates 'as soon as possible'

Key Points
  • Billionaire hedge fund manager Bill Ackman called for the Fed to raise interest rates and start cutting its monthly asset purchases immediately.
  • "We are continuing to dance while the music is playing, and it is time to turn down the music and settle down," he said in a tweet.
  • Ackman's Pershing Square is underperforming the S&P 500 this year after a stellar 2020 run.
Bill Ackman, founder and CEO of Pershing Square Capital Management.
Adam Jeffery | CNBC

Billionaire hedge fund manager Bill Ackman called Friday for the Federal Reserve to begin reining in the support it has provided for the U.S. economy during the coronavirus pandemic.

In separate tweets, the head of Pershing Square Holdings, with $13.1 billion under management, said the central bank should start turning off the monetary juice right away.

He teed up his position by saying he met last week with officials at the Fed's New York branch, which houses the trading desk that carries out the wishes of officials regarding interest rates and the monthly asset purchase program.

"The bottom line: we think the Fed should taper immediately and begin raising rates as soon as possible," he said.

"We are continuing to dance while the music is playing," Ackman added, "and it is time to turn down the music and settle down."

The statements come just a few days before the Federal Open Market Committee is set to begin its two-day policy meeting Tuesday.

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For Ackman, insisting on the taper isn't anything radical: Investors widely expect the FOMC on Wednesday to announce that it soon will start pulling back on its monthly asset purchase program in which the Fed is buying at least $120 billion of bonds. Markets are looking for monthly pullbacks of $10 billion in Treasurys and $5 billion in mortgage-backed securities, possibly starting in November and concluding in the summer of 2022.

Calling for interest rate hikes is another matter.

Fed officials have stressed that the initiation of tapering shouldn't be construed as a path to rate hikes. The central bank has been holding its benchmark overnight borrowing rate near zero since the early days of the Covid-19 pandemic, and most FOMC officials have indicated that the first increase won't come sooner than late 2022.

However, traders lately have been pricing in more aggressive moves, with futures contracts pointing to at least two quarter percentage point 2022 rate hikes, beginning in June, according to the CME's FedWatch tool. There's also just shy of a 50-50 chance of another increase coming in December. The recent anticipation of hikes comes with inflation running around a 30-year peak.

Ackman said he's beginning to position his portfolio for higher rates.

"As we have previously disclosed, we have put our money where our mouth is in hedging our exposure to an upward move in rates, as we believe that a rise in rates could negatively impact our long-only equity portfolio," he tweeted.

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Pershing Square is up 15.7% gross in 2021 and 12.2% net of fees this year, lagging the S&P 500's 22.5% return, according to company statements. That comes after a stellar 2020 during which the fund returned 70.2% on net. The firm has attracted about $1.3 billion of additional assets this year.

— CNBC's Yun Li contributed to this report.