Automakers cut production as Canadian truckers block deliveries across key border bridge to protest vaccine mandate

Key Points
  • The blockade is now entering its fourth day on the Ambassador Bridge, which accounts for a quarter of goods traded between the U.S. and Canada.
  • General Motors, Ford Motor and Toyota Motor have been forced to cut production at several plants in the U.S. and Canada this week due to a lack of parts.
  • The White House said it was monitoring the problem "very closely," according to press secretary Jen Psaki.

In this article

Vehicles block the route leading from the Ambassador Bridge, linking Detroit and Windsor, as truckers and their supporters continue to protest against the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine mandates, in Windsor, Ontario, Canada February 8, 2022.
Carlos Osorio | Reuters

DETROIT – Canadian truck drivers blocking the nation's busiest border bridge between the U.S. and Canada in protest of that country's Covid-19 vaccine mandate are now disrupting North American manufacturing, especially among automakers.

General Motors, Ford Motor, Toyota Motor and Stellantis have been forced to cut production at several plants in the U.S. and Canada this week due to a lack of parts caused by the delivery delays.

The White House on Wednesday said it was monitoring the problem "very closely." Government officials have warned if the so-called Freedom Convoy blockade is prolonged, it could worsen supply chain problems, not just for the automotive industry but also for the medical and agriculture sectors among others.

The blockade is entering its fourth day on the Ambassador Bridge, which links Detroit, Mich., and Windsor, Ontario. The route accounts for a quarter of goods traded between the U.S. and Canada.

Protesters disrupt crucial trade link between U.S. and Canada

"The blockade poses a risk to supply chains for the auto industry because the bridge is a key conduit for motor vehicles components and parts," White House press secretary Jen Psaki told reporters at a briefing Wednesday. "We're also tracking potential disruptions to U.S. agricultural exports from Michigan into Canada."

Psaki said the White House is in close contact with Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, U.S. Customs and Border Protection authorities, as well as Canadian officials and auto companies. They are attempting to find alternative cross-border routes and alleviate the impact on U.S. production and motorists who use the bridge to get to work.

"We're very focused on this.  The president is focused on this," Psaki said.

Auto production

The blockade exacerbates an already tumultuous time for auto production, as companies continue to grapple with a prolonged semiconductor chip shortage that has caused sporadic closures of plants over the past year.

GM spokesman Dan Flores on Thursday confirmed the first shift at its Lansing Delta Township assembly plant in Michigan would be cut due to the problem. A second shift was cut Wednesday, he said.

Frost & Sullivan discusses the production challenges Toyota and Honda are facing

Ford is running an engine plant in Windsor and an assembly plant in Oakville, Ontario, on a reduced schedule, spokeswoman Kelli Felker said Thursday morning. It follows similar actions by the company Wednesday due to the problem, including a shutdown of the engine facility,

"This interruption on the Detroit-Windsor bridge hurts customers, autoworkers, suppliers, communities and companies on both sides of the border," Ford said in a statement. "We hope this situation is resolved quickly, because it could have widespread impact on all automakers in the U.S. and Canada."

Ford had already made significant cuts to production this week at several North American plants due to the chips shortage.

Toyota on Thursday said it would not be able to manufacture anything at two Canadian plants for the rest of this week due supply chain issues, including the blockade. One of its plant's in Kentucky also is partially down, according to Toyota spokeswoman Kelly Stefanich.

"We expect disruptions through the weekend, and we'll continue to make adjustments as needed. While the situation is fluid and changes frequently, we do not anticipate any impact to employment at this time," she said in an emailed statement.

Supporter with sign denouncing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau during "The Freedom Rally" to protest the mandatory vaccine policy imposed on the Canadian truckers returning from USA to avoid a two week quarantine in Vaughan-Ontario in Canada.
Arindam Shivaani | NurPhoto | Getty Images

Stellantis, formerly Fiat Chrysler, cut or ended shifts early at several plants this week due to the problem, according to Jodi Tinson, a spokeswoman for the company. She said Thursday morning that all North American plants are running.

"The situation at the Ambassador Bridge, combined with an already fragile supply chain, will bring further hardship to people and industries still struggling to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic," she said in an emailed statement. "We hope a resolution can be reached soon so our plants and our employees can return to normal operations."

Canadian protests

The blockade on the large international suspension bridge is one of a growing number of protests in Canada by the trucking industry.

Protesters have also been blocking the border crossing at Coutts, Alberta, for a week and a half, and more than 400 trucks have been in downtown Ottawa, Canada's capital, in a protest that began late last month, according to the Associated Press.

A woman attends a protest against the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine mandates, as vehicles block the route leading from the Ambassador Bridge linking Detroit and Windsor, in Windsor, Ontario, Canada February 8, 2022.
Carlos Osorio | Reuters

Truckers are protesting a rule that took effect Jan. 15 requiring those entering Canada to be fully vaccinated. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has shown no sign of easing the country's restrictions, according to media reports.

François Laporte, president of Teamsters Canada, which represents over 55,000 professional drivers, including 15,000 long-haul truck drivers, has condemned the protests, saying they do not represent the 90% of drivers who are vaccinated.

"We firmly believe in the right to protest government policies and voice a wide array of opinions, but what is happening in Ottawa has done more harm to Teamsters members, be they truck drivers who were trying to deliver their loads, or hotel, restaurant and health-care workers who were intimidated, abused or prevented from accessing their workplaces, by several protesters," he said in a statement earlier this week.