At a distance from a helicopter hovering over the Gulf of Mexico, Chevron's South Timbalier 52 production platform seems like a speck, and it is easy to see how vulnerable it would be to a ferocious hurricane. Then you land and step out into a giant facility buzzing with activity from dozens of workers, That's when you begin to get a sense of what is at stake.
With the start of the 2013 Atlantic hurricane season kicking off officially on Saturday, Chevron and all the other companies operating in the Gulf are finalizing their hurricane response plans. Those plans could get a lot of use if forecasts for an active season prove accurate.
The South Timbalier 52 facility, 30 miles offshore on the continental shelf, is one of more than 600 Chevron structures in the Gulf. It pumps about 2,900 barrels of oil per day. Around 60 people live and work on the platform, two weeks on and two weeks off. It operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, with a full-time kitchen, medical facilities on call, and all the comforts of home—at least the ones that are feasible on an oil rig.
And just like at home, the start of hurricane season is also peak construction season—the time to do maintenance and improvements. Scaffolding covers portions of the structure, and two giant vessels known as lift boats are docked adjacent to the rig for support.
Even the threat of an early start to the storm season—say, a tropical depression 200 miles away, would require all of that to be dismantled in phase one of Chevron's carefully choreographed hurricane response plan, which calls for non-essential personnel and equipment to be moved. Taking down the construction scaffolding is a major project in itself. All of it would have to be disassembled and moved ashore.
"In an event of a hurricane, we'd have to get all this stuff rigged down, should take us about a day and a half or so," said Chevron operations supervisor David Bond, a burly oil rig worker out of central casting, who has worked 33 years offshore and would not trade this life for anything in the world.
"Oh, I love it out here," Bond said.
Hurricane preparations—and evacuations—are all in a day's work. They can happen many times in a season, even though more often than not the storm does not come anywhere close. But the companies cannot afford to take any chances.
The cost of shutting down a rig varies by each structure. On the South Timbalier 52 platform, for example, losing a day of production, during which 2,900 barrels is typically pumped, could cost Chevron as much as $270,000 based on average oil prices this year of $94 a barrel. That's just the estimated cost of production lost, and doesn't include costs for evacuation and re-mobilization. And the South Timbalier 52 is not one of Chevron's biggest producers in the Gulf. Some platform's losses could be millions of dollars a day. Chevron said decisions ahead of hurricanes are based solely on safety, and not money. Chevron Vice President Warner Williams said of safety versus costs: "It's not a balance. I would say we can always get the production. The key thing is to get the folks off safely in the time allotted to us to do that."
As a storm gets closer—or forecasts call for it to come anywhere near the facility, the support staff—the so-called non-essential workers—are airlifted ashore. That leaves a core group of production workers and supervisors in the final phase of the evacuation plan. Bond has been in that position many times, and he admits it can get a bit eerie.
"It starts to get almost kind of lonely out here," Bond said. "We are used to all these guys being here; we live with them day in and day out so when they leave almost a part of us leaves with them. Then we get down to our skeleton crew, which we are never at our skeleton crew unless a storm is coming. Well, then it starts to kind of hit home a little bit that we gotta leave. We start worrying about our families and things like that but then we kick into phase three and the professionalism kicks in."
The control room of the platform looks like little more than an office, with a couple of desks and computer terminals. But in many ways it is the heart of the operation. Here, workers can control every well and valve attached to the platform. Everything must be shut in and secured before the last workers leave. Even a small mistake, combined with the fury of a hurricane, could trigger an environmental disaster. That is why it is important to stay focused, Bond said.
"We start getting calls from home, wives, and kids wanting to know when we are coming in well that starts to get a little bit tough but you have to work through it and be professional."
Not easy, Bond said, with rising waves and escalating winds—on a vulnerable oil rig in the middle of the Gulf.
"Some of the newer guys who have not been through a lot of storm seasons so we kind of mentor them and bring them along with us. They don't see us getting scared, or whatever. They tend to not want to show it either. It's almost like your brothers--you don't want to show that you are emotional so we keep it light, play jokes on each other."