Airlines bid farewell to the Boeing 747—Take a look at the life of the 'Queen of the Skies'

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Airlines bid farewell to the Boeing 747—Take a look at the life of the 'Queen of the Skies'

A Boeing 747 in Honolulu, Hawaii in 1973.
Source: U.S. National Archives

A chapter of aviation history is closing this year, as commercial U.S. airlines bid farewell to the Boeing 747, the jumbo jet that made air travel affordable for millions of people around the globe because it could fit hundreds of passengers inside.

The double-decker plane with the humped fuselage is one of the world's most recognizable planes. But after flying the four-engine, fuel-guzzling plane for decades, Delta Air Lines and United Airlines are retiring the so-called Queen of the Skies in favor of sleeker, more fuel-efficient models that are cheaper to operate. The planes are used frequently for cargo, which was part of the inspiration for the plane's design: Some models were given a hinged nose to allow for easy loading of goods.

In a sign of how efficient modern planes have become, Southwest Airlines last month announced it will offer service to Hawaii, and new, single-aisle Boeing 737s will likely do the job.

Delta Air Lines marked the retirement of its Boeing 747s this week with a six-city tour, the last U.S. airline to retire the jumbo jet.

United pulled out all the stops for a farewell flight last month. Its first 747 took off from San Francisco and flew to Honolulu in 1970. It retraced that route for the final passenger flight Tuesday, complete with a crew dressed in 1970s uniforms. Smoking was not permitted, however.

The plane will live on as a workhorse cargo jet, flown by UPS and others.

Here's a look at the Boeing 747, and how it changed the world from its introduction nearly five decades ago:

  • A tall order

    Joe Sutter, who died last year, led the engineering team that designed the Boeing 747 in the mid-1960s. It took 50,000 employees to bring the plane to life. Boeing says it took 29 months from "conception to rollout," which earned the team the nickname "The Incredibles." Below is a prototype of the jumbo jet in 1968.

    The prototype of the 'Jumbo' being rolled out of its purpose-built factory - the largest building ever built - at Everett, Washington, USA. The world's largest passenger aeroplane, the Boeing 747 carries up to 400 people. The aircraft first entered service in 1970. (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)
    Getty Images
  • Take off

    The 747's first flight was in February 1969. It entered into commercial service in 1970. The plane was more than 231 feet long and its tail was taller than a six-story building.

    The world's largest commercial jetliner, the Boeing 747 makes its first takeoff on February 9th, 1969. The 231 ft. jet used abut 4500 feet of runway and became airborne at a speed of about 170 MPH. The 747 cut its maiden flight short by about an hour due to some minor problem when the wing flaps were lowered to a 30 degree angle.
    Bettman Collection | Getty Images
  • Pan Am makes history

    Now defunct Pan Am operated the first commercial 747 flight, in January 1970 from New York to London.

    A PanAm 747 circa 1970.
    Source: Boeing
  • Global jet set 

    Orders rolled in quickly from airlines, including PanAm and TWA. The airlines were eager for the glamour buy and to fill the large planes with thousands of members of the new jet set. Below, airplane tails in 1970.

    Six new 'Boeing 747' tails being displayed on the embankment of the Boeing Everett Factory waiting to be delivered to their respective air companies. Everett, 1970.
    Mondadori Portfolio | Getty Images
  • Remember legroom?

    This mockup shows a configuration of a Boeing 747 that would make any coach-class veteran drool.

    A view of the cabin onboard a Boeing 747 passenger flight.
    Source: Boeing
  • High-touch service

    Air travel, even in the 1970s, was a luxury, and service aboard the 747 in the early days was elaborate compared with the no-frills era of modern air travel.

    A Pan American (Pan Am) air hostess serving champagne in the first class cabin of a Boeing 747 jumbo jet on Jan. 12, 1970.
    Tim Graham | Getty Images
  • Service on both decks

    Decades before Gulf carriers introduced their flashy cabins, posh lounges were the place to be and be seen in the 1970s. Frank Sinatra Jr. once performed in an American Airlines 747 lounge (with a piano) on a red-eye flight from Los Angeles to New York, an attempt to draw more passengers. The planes could fit some 500 people, and later, airlines got rid of the spacious upper-deck lounges and focused on fitting as many passengers as possible into the plane, which made travel more affordable but less comfortable.

    First class service onboard a Boeing 747 flight circa 1970s.
    Source: Boeing
  • Ferrying the Space Shuttle

    NASA used modified Boeing 747s from 1974 for activities including the study of air turbulence from large aircraft to the more glamorous job of ferrying space shuttles like the Columbia.

    The space shuttle orbiter Columbia ties up traffic as it noses into a Lancaster intersection March 8th, 1979. The shuttle is being towed to Edwards Air Force Base where it will be placed atop a Boeing 747 for the flight to Kennedy Space Center in Florida
    Bettman Collection | Getty Images
  • Cargo is king

    The hinged nose of the 747 cargo version allows for easy access to its cavernous interiors.

    Workers load a shipment of aid on to a Boeing 747 cargo plane at Schoenefeld Airport on November 13, 2013.
    Getty Images
  • Freighter might 

  • Cargo is keeping the Boeing 747 alive, even if airlines are turning their backs on the aircraft. UPS last year ordered 14 747-8 freighters, and a surge in e-commerce and air freight could keep them full in the future.

    Inside a Boeing 747 cargo hold.
    Source: Boeing
  • Shuttling presidents 

    Two Boeing 747-200Bs make up the Air Force One fleet. President Donald Trump late last year complained about the cost of the scheduled replacement of the jets, famously tweeting "Cancel order!"

    President Donald Trump walks down the stairs after arriving on Air Force One at the Palm Beach International Airport to spend part of the weekend at Mar-a-Lago resort on February 17, 2017 in West Palm Beach, Florida.
    Getty Images
  • No US airline will operate a 747 by the end of the year

    Delta is retiring its Boeing 747 fleet this year, replacing the jumbo jets with the twin-engine Airbus A350 planes.

    A Delta Airlines Boeing 747 in flight.
    Source: Boeing
  • They will become rarer on foreign carriers, too

    British Airways recently announced that it will retire its 747 fleet by 2024.

    A Boeing Co. 747 passenger aircraft, operated by British Airways, a unit of International Consolidated Airlines Group SA (IAG), takes off over a row of passenger aircraft operated by British Airways at Heathrow airport in London, U.K.
    Chris Ratcliffe | Bloomberg | Getty Images
  • The 'Queen' still turns heads

    As the plane becomes a rarer sight at airports, passengers still often stop to get a look at the "Queen of the Skies."

    The view of a Boeing 747 aircraft from inside an airport terminal.
    Source: Boeing