As much as some market-watchers may discredit the Dow Jones industrial average, the index has always been a trustworthy proxy for stock performance for CNBC's Jim Cramer.
"In fact, right now it's more important than it's been in a long time because its snapshot of 2017 gives you a terrific view of the winners and losers in classic big-cap names, with the overall score a very representative plus-25 percent," the "Mad Money" host said.
To get a better snapshot of what worked and what didn't in 2017, Cramer ran through the Dow's best and worst performers, starting with the average's top five winners.
Aerospace giant Boeing ended 2017 as the Dow's No. 1 performer, up a whopping 89 percent for the year.
Even after its monster run, Cramer argued that Boeing could still have another strong year, putting a $400 price target on the now-$297 stock.
"Why am I so confident? It's simple: because 2017 was the year that Boeing's stock became a new and different entity," Cramer said. "It went from being a cyclical to a secular growth play."
For years, Boeing's stock success was tied to its planes: if analysts loved the latest model, they would raise the numbers; if they didn't, the stock would get slammed.
"Everyone's waiting for a pullback, but the stock's only given you one 10-point reversal since 2015," Cramer said. "That gentle, sloping stock is what you're always looking for. In short, Boeing's a buy."
Caterpillar, the most heavily shorted stock in the Dow, snagged the index's second-best spot for 2017 with a 70 percent annual gain.
"Caterpillar's another stock that has transformed itself. Not that long ago, CAT was viewed as a total boom-and-bust play that depended on China," Cramer said.
Now, with Asia only accounting for 22 percent of Caterpillar's business, the company has turned its focus to its U.S. business, making its manufacturing processes more efficient and fixing its once-nightmarish balance sheet, the "Mad Money" host said.
"Sure, Caterpillar is still a cyclical business. That hasn't changed. But right now, things are booming, and in this boom, the company is making a heck of a lot more money off of its earthmovers," Cramer said. "I doubt CAT's stock can repeat its performance from last year, but with President Trump talking a big game about his infrastructure plans this year, there's more in the tank for this stock than for a lot of others out there."
Visa logged a 46 percent gain for 2017, securing the No. 3 spot in the Dow index. In 2017, Cramer watched the credit card giant become something of a go-to financial technology stock for investors who were hesitant to buy up bank stocks or more traditional financial names.
"Now, you might think the stock would stall out at these levels, but with the dollar diving, this company that gets 52 percent of its business from overseas has got a fabulous tailwind," Cramer said.
Better yet, Visa's new CEO, Al Kelly, could bring the company's $7.7 billion cash hoard back from overseas to continue the stock's rise, the "Mad Money" host added.
"I bet the company's service revenue continues to grow — Apple still, after two years, isn't getting enough credit for that one," Cramer said. "While the stock may not be ready for a shortfall, we haven't heard enough negative things from worthwhile sources to make me want to give up on this one. No way."
Despite concerns about the iPhone 10, Apple's battery issues and some bearish predictions for the stock, the "Mad Money" host said he would continue to back the consumer products giant.
"I'm sticking to my guns: you own Apple, you don't trade it," he said.
With a 43 percent gain for 2017, Walmart finally saw the fruits of its e-commerce spending as Jet.com's offerings grew in breadth and popularity.
"Walmart's a much better company than it was a few years ago," Cramer said. "They've spent heavily to be able to compete with Amazon, and unlike other brick-and-mortar retailers, their pockets are deep enough that the spending has actually been paying off. Fortunately, the Walton family's going with [CEO] Doug McMillon to make Doug McMillions."
Next, Cramer entered the Dow's house of pain to review its five worst-performing stocks, from the weakest of the bedraggled pack to the strongest.
First and worst of all the Dow components was General Electric, down a staggering 45 percent after a rough 2017.
"It takes a special kind of industrial to lose that much value during the best economy in ages," Cramer said. "GE refuses to be introspective about what went wrong. That's a bummer. I certainly hope that new CEO John Flannery explains why the company couldn't earn the $2 this year that it forecast at the end of 2016. If he walks us through it and takes the big write-down we've all been expecting, I think it'll be greeted positively."
Flannery's laundry list of turnaround tasks includes stemming the losses from GE's many struggling divisions and selling assets to pay for the company's dividend.
"I can't believe that GE's truly as horrendous as the stock suggests, but I've been wrong all the way down," Cramer admitted. "A fresh start with a recognition of the errors that were committed would go a long way toward establishing the credibility this company needs for its $18 stock to return to the $20s, where it probably belongs."
In a year that proved successful for so many different tech stocks, the Dow's surprising second-worst performer was computer play IBM, down more than 7 percent for 2017.
But IBM had a busy year. The company made a series of small acquisitions to build a position in the cloud analytics business, invested in strategic growth products as it phased out under-performing legacy businesses and brought in a new mainframe in order to boost earnings.
"IBM has reinvented itself many times in its long history. I bet they'll do it again, we just don't know how long it'll take, other than they're not doing it fast enough for many portfolio managers, including the legendary Warren Buffett, who's been jettisoning the stock in spectacular fashion," Cramer said. "The stock's rally today shows this dog can still hunt. [With a] 3.78 percent yield for protection, I think IBM's a buy."
But considering IBM's run on Wednesday, Cramer suggested investors wait for Thursday's profit-taking to pull the trigger.
Coming in third-to-last was oil and gas colossus Exxon Mobil, down 7 percent overall for 2017. Cramer noted that competing stocks like Chevron were up for the year, so Exxon's problems probably stretched beyond routine oil patch weakness.
"Even though oil's now broken out above its $61 a barrel level, I've gotten less enthusiastic about the group because I fear that one day, the fossil fuel industry will be considered the equivalent of big tobacco," Cramer said.
For investors still craving oil stocks with yield, the "Mad Money" recommended Magellan Midstream Partners, which yields 5 percent and operates in the lucrative Permian Basin.
"Exxon just doesn't have the growth to get me excited," Cramer said. "Again, though, [the] stock can go up with the group, I just think it's one of my least favorites of the oils."
"The economy is so hot that pretty much every active portfolio manager fled the drug stocks in order to buy more of the cyclicals," Cramer said. "Merck was just a casualty of the rotation, although there was a time when this company had so many irons in the fire that its stock could have transcended the business cycle. Not anymore. But it's got that safe 3.4 percent yield [for] some nice protection."
The fifth-worst stock in the Dow for 2017 was Verizon, the telecommunications and internet company with a high-yielding stock that incurred an annual 0.8 percent loss.
"The gigantic telco carrier gave us some real oddball performance," Cramer said. "Typically, when the Federal Reserve starts raising rates in earnest, investors tend to bail on higher-yielding dividend stocks. But Verizon has roared 8 points from the middle of November, despite last month's rate hike and the prospect of many more going forward, and the darned thing doesn't seem to want to quit."
Verizon's surprise strength could have come from investors sticking with its 4.5 percent yield, the company winning back customers or the market's realization that there was not much wrong with Verizon's business in the first place, the "Mad Money" host said.
"I'm not crazy about the stock of Verizon up here, but you could do a lot worse than owning this stock for steady income and decent performance in 2018," he concluded.
So what did the Dow's best and worst performers tell Cramer about 2017 and 2018?
First, the strength of the winners suggested that the market's at a loss for good aerospace, machinery, fintech and brick-and-mortar stocks.
"When you look at the top five performers in the Dow from last year — Boeing, Caterpillar, Visa, Apple, Walmart — I think they're all buys" even though they rarely pull back enough for investors to get in, Cramer said. "[It's] the stock shortage at work, hence the incredible strength here. And you know what? I bet it continues."
The message from the losing stocks was more complicated for Cramer because the dogs of the Dow aren't always as telling as the index's top brass.
"Nevertheless, on their yields alone, I think Verizon, IBM, Merck and Exxon can hang in there and work higher," the "Mad Money" host said. "GE's a whole different story, but if these are the worst five stocks the Dow has to offer, I'd say we can buy 'em low and buy 'em high and watch those equities fly."
Disclosure: Cramer's charitable trust owns shares of Apple, Magellan Midstream Partners and General Electric.