Major Asian stock markets closed lower on Monday following a turbulent trading session as investors waited for a new round of high-level U.S.-China trade talks, which is set to begin later in the week.
The mainland Chinese markets, watched closely due to the ongoing trade war between Beijing and Washington, lost their early gains to close lower: The Shanghai composite shed about 0.18 percent to close at approximately 2,596.98 while the Shenzhen component ended its trading day slightly lower at around 7,589.58. The Shenzhen composite slipped 0.377 percent to close at 1,314.99.
In Japan, the Nikkei 225 slipped 0.60 percent to close at 20,649 while the Topix fell 0.68 percent to end its trading day at 1,555.51. Shares of Japanese conglomerate Softbank Group declined more than 1.17 percent.
South Korea's Kospi closed largely flat at 2,177.30 as shares of Samsung Electronics rose 0.67 percent. Other tech stocks, however, struggled for gains: Chipmaker SK Hynix fell 3.75 percent, LG Electronics declined 2.59 percent and Samsung SDI was down 0.22 percent.
Australia's stock market was closed on Monday for a public holiday.
China is set to send a delegation led by Vice Premier Liu He to Washington for a fresh round of high level trade talks later this week.
Investors will be watching for any important developments on the U.S.-China trade front, with the two sides racing to strike a deal before a deadline in early March. Beijing and Washington have been locked in an ongoing trade war, which saw both sides slap tariffs on each other's goods.
"Hopes are fairly buoyant with Chinese Vice Premier Liu He set to arrive in the US to lead Beijing's negotiations this time. An open and constructive dialogue is expected, given low-hanging fruits on trade deficit reduction. But a 'comprehensive deal' will elude," Vishnu Varathan, head of economics and strategy at Mizuho Bank, said in a morning note.
For his part, Varathan said he expected "time may be bought" on hiking tariff rates on the $200 billion worth of Chinese imports from 10 percent to 25 percent. But, he added, rolling back tariffs is "too high a bar."
Ahead of the expected trade negotiations, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said he thought the two countries were "making a lot of progress" in trade talks and that he looked forward to discussions with China's Liu, Reuters reported last Friday.
"There's still an unwillingness on China to make the concessions on investment and a level playing field the U.S. firms want," Simon Baptist, chief economist at The Economist Intelligence Unit, told CNBC's "Street Signs" on Monday.
In particular, Baptist cited the ongoing pressure on Chinese telecommunications firm Huawei as possible justification by Beijing to refuse changing its position on foreign firms.
The New York Times reported that U.S. President Donald Trump's administration has been pressuring America's allies to bar Huawei and other Chinese tech firms from building the infrastructure needed for the implementation of the next generation 5G wireless standard.
Huawei is under mounting international pressure about the security of its technology, which has become part of the larger narrative in the U.S.-China trade battle.
Another key event for markets this week would be the Federal Open Market Committee's (FOMC) two-day meeting starting Tuesday. Fed Chair Jerome Powell and other members of the FOMC are expected to keep interest rates on hold, following a hike in December.
"The FOMC meeting will reflect on the Fed's position in taking rate decisions off auto-pilot and the likely pace for the rest of 2019. We think the Fed may sound more dovish and be more aligned with the market expectation of limited room for rate increases this year," Tai Hui, chief market strategist for Asia Pacific at J.P. Morgan Asset Management, said in a note.
"We will also look for hints of any change in the Fed's strategy to reduce its balance sheet, even though economic momentum is still robust enough for the Fed to hold on for now," he said.
The U.S. dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of its peers, was at 95.769 after seeing highs above 96.6 last week.
The Japanese yen, widely seen as a safe-haven currency, traded at 109.33 against the dollar after seeing lows above 109.8 in the previous trading week. The Australian dollar changed hands at $0.7190 after touching lows below $0.710 last week.
— CNBC's Berkeley Lovelace Jr. contributed to this report.