Rivian prices IPO at $78 a share, valuing electric vehicle company at $66.5 billion

Key Points
  • Rivian had previously raised its expected price range to between $72 and $74, up from an initial range of $57 to $62.
  • The company, which is backed by Amazon and Ford, recently began production on its electric pickup, the R1T, and plans to deliver 10,000 as soon as next year.
  • Rivian expects to lose up to $1.28 billion this quarter, while generating no more than $1 million in revenue for the period.

In this article

A Rivian R1T electric pickup truck during the company's IPO outside the Nasdaq MarketSite in New York, U.S., on Wednesday, Nov. 10, 2021.
Bing Guan | Bloomberg | Getty Images

Rivian Automotive, the electric vehicle maker backed by Amazon and Ford, priced its IPO on Tuesday at $78 a share. The deal values Rivian at $66.5 billion.

Should underwriters exercise their full purchase option, the company will have a market cap of over $68 billion. The stock will trade on the Nasdaq under ticker symbol RIVN.

Rivian said it expects the IPO to bring in $11.9 billion.

Last week, Rivian increased the expected price range to between $72 and $74 from a previous range of $57 to $62. At its $78 offer price, Rivian is already worth almost as much as Ford ($79 billion) and General Motors ($85 billion). That's all before the company has even started generating real revenue.

Rivian said in its prospectus that it will lose up to $1.28 billion in the third quarter, while revenue will range from zero to $1 million. It's the latest EV company to attract hefty investor capital at a stratospheric price without yet proving that it has a sustainable business model.

Lucid Motors is worth $72.5 billion even though the company just began production of its first cars. Nikola's market cap was higher than Ford's at one point last year, despite the company having no revenue. It's now worth less than $6 billion, after a short-selling firm accused the company of making "an Ocean of Lies."

Investors are continuously trying to hop on the next Tesla. Elon Musk's company topped $1 trillion in market value last month and is now the fifth most-valuable U.S. company.

While Rivian is still effectively pre-revenue, the company said in its prospectus that it has a backlog of 55,400 pre-orders for its R1T and R1S electric vehicles. The R1T is a truck that starts at $67,500, and the R1S is an SUV starting at $70,000, according to Rivian's website.

The company said it expects to fill those orders by the end of 2023. Additionally, Amazon has ordered 100,000 vehicles to be delivered by Rivian by 2030, and the companies plan to have 10,000 new Rivian-Amazon delivery vehicles on the road as early as next year. Amazon is pushing its fleet to renewable energy sources, and said in 2019 that it was purchasing thousands of vehicles from Rivian.

Amazon, which invested more than $1.3 billion into Rivian, owned 22.4% of the company's Class A shares prior to the IPO. That stake is worth about $12.5 billion at the offer price. Ford owned 14.4% of Class A stock before the offering, a stake now valued at $8 billion.

Rivian says its factory in Illinois has the capacity to produce up to 150,000 vehicles per year. The company had over 6,000 employees as of the end of June.

— CNBC's Lora Kolodny and Annie Palmer contributed to this report

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