European markets slide 1.8% as investors digest more interest rate hikes

This is CNBC's live blog covering European markets.

European stocks closed lower Thursday, as investors digested news from the U.S. Federal Reserve, Swiss central bank, and Bank of England as they opted to hike rates.

The pan-European Stoxx 600 closed down 1.8% with all sectors and major bourses in negative territory except banks and basic resources, which were flat.

Technology and travel stocks were trading at the bottom of the Stoxx 600, falling 4.24% and 3.2%, respectively.

The Fed implemented a third consecutive 0.75 percentage point rate hike Wednesday, with policymakers pledging to continue raising rates as high as 4.6% in 2023 before pulling back in the fight against inflation.

Meanwhile, the Swiss National Bank on Thursday raised its benchmark interest rate to 0.5%, a shift that brings an end to an era of negative rates in Europe. The Bank of England also hiked rates, its seventh consecutive increase with a 50 basis point rise.

The central banks are all in different situations, says Fed Chair Powell
The central banks are all in different situations, says Fed Chair Powell

U.S. stocks fell in early trading Thursday, while Asia markets traded lower.

Europe stocks close lower after central bank hikes

European stocks ended the day lower after central banks in Switzerland and the U.K. announced interest rate hikes.

The Stoxx 600 closed down 1.8% with all sectors in the red except banks and basic resources, which were flat.

The British pound fell to a fresh 37-low against the dollar, hitting $1.125 at 5 p.m. London, as the Bank of England said the country was likely already in a recession.

— Jenni Reid

U.S. stocks open mixed

U.S. stocks opened mixed Thursday following the Federal Reserve's decision Wednesday to implement its third consecutive 0.75% interest rate hike.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500 hovered around the flatline in early deals, while the Nasdaq was down 0.2%.

— Karen Gilchrist

Bank of England raises rates by 50 basis points, in seventh consecutive hike

The Bank of England voted to raise interest rates by 50 basis points, lower than the 75 basis point rise expected by some analysts.

The bank said there had been further signs since August of "continuing strength in domestically generated inflation" but the recent announcement of caps on household and business energy bills would lower consumer price index rises going forward.

The pound was up slightly on the day around the $1.13 mark.

— Jenni Reid

UK regulator to probe cloud market

The U.K.'s media regulator, Ofcom, on Thursday said it will begin an investigation into the dominance of Amazon, Microsoft and Google in the £15 billion public cloud infrastructure market.

Read more here.

The probe will focus on so-called "hyperscalers" like Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure, which let businesses access computing power and data storage from remote servers. Collectively, Amazon, Microsoft and Google generate around 81% of revenues in the market, according to Ofcom.

A final report will be published within 12 months detailing any concerns and proposed recommendations, the regulator said, adding that further action could be taken if it finds competition and innovation are being limited in any way.

Over the next year, Ofcom plans to launch additional probes into other digital markets, including personal messaging and virtual assistants.

— Ryan Browne

Bank stocks outperforming other sectors, but gains are marginal

Bank stocks were Europe's best performers at noon, with the sector up 1.3% since yesterday.

Soaring inflation is prompting the region's central banks to increase interest rates, bringing in additional profits for the region's banks.

Pan-European bank Unicredit leads the way with a 6.4% jump in shares after Chief Executive Andrea Orcel announced the bank would raise its guidance for the year during third-quarter results in October.

Spanish banking group Banco Sabadell's shares are up 5.2% as the organization has entered talks with Worldline, Nexi and Fiserv for a possible payments deal.

Shares of Deutsche Bank followed the trend with a 4.9% increase, after CFO James bon Moltke said the bank would approach 2023 "with caution" at a financial conference.

Finecobank, Commerzbank, Banco BPM Group, Societe Generale and Caixabank are all up by at least 3%.

— Hannah Ward-Glenton

Swiss franc weakens dramatically against dollar, euro and sterling after rate hike

The Swiss franc weakened dramatically against the U.S. dollar, euro and sterling following the central bank's decision to hike interest rates by 75 basis points to 0.5%.

At 9:30 a.m. London time, the dollar was 0.9% higher against the Swiss currency, while the euro and sterling were both around 1.4% higher against the franc.

Earlier this week, the Swiss franc hit its strongest level against the euro since Jan. 2015, as economists started to speculate about the prospect of a 75 basis points increase.

— Hannah Ward-Glenton

Norway's central bank hikes benchmark interest rate to 2.25%

Norges Bank raises interest rates to 2.25%
Norges Bank raises interest rates to 2.25%

Norway's central bank raised its interest rate to 2.25% from 1.75% and indicated it plans to hike rates further later this year.

There are "clear signs of a cooling economy", the Norges Bank said in a statement, and "easing pressures in the economy will contribute to curbing inflation further out."

Based on the monetary policy committee's current assessment, the policy rate will most likely be raised further in November, according to the bank.

— Hannah Ward-Glenton

Swiss National Bank raises its benchmark interest rate to 0.5%

The Swiss National Bank raised its benchmark interest rate to 0.5%, a shift that brings an end to an era of negative rates in Europe.

The 75 basis point hike follows an increase to -0.25% on June 16, which was the first rate rise in 15 years. Prior to this, the Swiss central bank had held rates steady at -0.75% since 2015.

Inflation in Switzerland is currently running at its highest rate in three decades, reaching 3.5% last month.

— Hannah Ward-Glenton

Italy heads to the polls on Sunday, here's what to expect

Italy's voters head to the polls on Sunday in a snap general election that is likely to see a government led by a far-right party come to power.

If that comes to pass, it will mark a massive political shift for a country already dealing with ongoing economic and political instability.

Polls prior to Sept. 9 (when a blackout period began) showed a right-wing coalition easily winning a majority of the seats in the slimmed-down lower and upper houses of parliament.

Atmosphere during Giorgia Meloni's rally in Cagliari to launch her campaign for Italy's next general election at Cagliari on September 02, 2022 in Cagliari, Italy. Italians head to the polls for general elections on September 25, 2022.
Emanuele Perrone | Getty Images News | Getty Images

The coalition is led by Giorgia Meloni's far-right Fratelli d'Italia (Brothers of Italy), and includes three other right-leaning parties: Lega, under Matteo Salvini, Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia and a more minor coalition partner, Noi Moderati.

The Brothers of Italy party stands out from the crowd and is expected to gain the largest share of the vote for a single party. It's seen getting almost 25% of the vote, according to poll aggregator Politiche 2022, far ahead of its nearest right-wing ally Lega, which is expected to get around 12% of the vote.

Read more on the forthcoming election here

— Holly Ellyatt

Market open: Fortum up 4%, Accor down 6%

Shares of Fortum rose again in early trade Thursday after the Finnish company agreed to sell its 56% stake in German utility Uniper to the German government. The state-owned energy company shifted its stake in a nationalization deal.

French hospitality company Accor saw its shares fall 6.3% at market open after JP Morgan cut its rating on the stock from neutral to underweight. The investment bank expressed concerns the group would not be able to return to its previous level of profitability, saying "our concerns have now exceeded the reasons we like it."

— Hannah Ward-Glenton

Credit Suisse plans to split its investment bank into three: The FT

Credit Suisse has plans to split its investment bank into three, according to the Financial Times.

The Swiss lender wants to have a separate "bad bank" exclusively for risky assets as it recovers from several years' worth of scandals and blunders.

New proposals suggest Credit Suisse will sell some of its profitable units as part of the radical reshuffle, with full plans expected to be announced at the bank's third-quarter results on Oct. 27, the FT reported.

— Hannah Ward-Glenton

Oil prices climb after Fed's rate hikes, demand fears linger

Oil prices climbed following the Fed's third consecutive rate hike.

Reuters also reported Chinese refiners are expecting the nation to release up to 15 million tonnes worth of oil products export quotas for the rest of the year, citing people with knowledge of the matter.

Brent crude futures rose 0.45% to stand at $90.24 per barrel, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate also gained 0.45% to $83.3 per barrel.

— Lee Ying Shan

Fed hike likely to keep Asian risk assets under pressure, JPMorgan says

Asian risk assets, especially export-oriented companies, will remain under pressure in the short term following the Fed's rate hike, according to Tai Hui, chief APAC market strategist at JPMorgan Asset Management.

Tai added that a strong U.S. dollar is likely to persist, but tightening monetary policy in most Asian central banks — with the exception of China and Japan — should help limit the extent of Asian currency depreciation.

The U.S. dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of its peers, strengthened sharply and last stood at 111.697.

— Abigail Ng

CNBC Pro: This fund manager is beating the market. Here’s what he’s betting against

Outperforming fund manager names his short positions
Outperforming fund manager names his short positions

Stock markets are down but the fund managed by Patrick Armstrong at Plurimi Wealth is continuing to deliver positive returns. The fund manager has a number of short positions to play the market volatility.

Pro subscribers can read more here.

— Zavier Ong