- The Electoral College voted Monday to cement Joe Biden's victory over incumbent President Donald Trump.
- The ballots were cast by individual electors in all 50 states and the District of Columbia mirror their state's popular vote, and Biden won 306 votes to Trump's 232 votes.
- Trump's legal and legislative efforts to overturn this year's election brought heightened importance to the procedural votes.
WASHINGTON — The Electoral College voted Monday to cement President-elect Joe Biden's victory over President Donald Trump in this year's presidential election.
The ballots were cast throughout the day by individual electors in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, and they mirror their state's popular vote.
Shortly before 5:30 p.m. ET, California electors cast their 55 votes for Biden, pushing him over the crucial threshold of 270 electoral votes. At approximately 7:15 p.m., Hawaii cast the final four electoral votes of the day for Biden, who won 306 total electoral votes. Trump won 232 votes.
Biden addressed the nation later Monday, where he will emphasize that "the integrity of our elections remains intact."
"And so, now it is time to turn the page. To unite. To heal," Biden said.
The Electoral College vote is typically a formality, occurring more than a month after Election Day votes are cast. But Trump's unprecedented legal and legislative efforts to overturn the election results this year have imparted a greater significance upon the proceedings.
The president, his campaign and his political allies have filed dozens of lawsuits since Election Day, asking federal and state courts to nullify the election results based on myriad unsubstantiated claims of irregularities.
These efforts repeatedly failed, prompting the president to shift tactics in early December and begin to personally pressure Republican state legislators to intervene in the selection of individual electors. This, too, has failed.
Yet Trump continues to falsely claim that he, not Biden, is the legitimate winner of the November election and that he was the victim of a massive, coordinated nationwide conspiracy to alter votes in Biden's favor.
In Pennsylvania and Arizona, two key swing states that Biden won, Trump supporters convened Monday outside their state capitols to protest the electoral college vote.
In Michigan, electors received police escorts amid threats of violence at the state capitol. A Republican state representative was stripped of his committee assignments by GOP leaders Monday after refusing to rule out that violence would occur in the capital of Lansing during the electoral vote.
On Capitol Hill, congressional Republicans fearful of angering their Trump-loving constituents have largely fallen in step behind the president and refused to acknowledge Biden's victory.
Once electors have formally recorded their votes for president and vice president, the next major event in the Electoral College process is a joint session of Congress on Jan. 6, during which both chambers will officially count the electoral votes.
Vice President Mike Pence is expected to preside over the Jan. 6 proceedings in his formal role as president of the Senate, a job that includes announcing the results.
Any objections in Congress to the electoral votes must be submitted in writing and signed by at least one member of the House and one senator. If an objection arises, the two chambers consider the objection separately.
Alabama Republican Rep. Mo Brooks has already said he will challenge the results. In the Senate, Sen. Ron Johnson of Wisconsin has not ruled out doing so.
But not all Republicans approve of Brooks' plan to jam up the electoral count in a bid to challenge results that is sure to fail. And several Republican senators who have yet to publicly acknowledge Biden's win have indicated that they will accept the results of Monday's vote in the Electoral College as the final judgment on the 2020 presidential election.
Still, the denial of Biden's victory by some Republicans in Congress is likely to stretch into January and beyond.
In a Washington Post survey of all 249 congressional Republicans, published Dec. 6, only 27 said they accepted Biden as the legitimately elected president. Another 220 GOP lawmakers gave an unclear answer or did not respond, and two, Brooks and Rep. Paul A. Gosar of Arizona, said they believed Trump was the rightful winner of the election.
Ever since Election Day, Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris have largely tried to stay above the fray of Trump's increasingly desperate campaign to overturn the results.
While a small team of Biden campaign lawyers monitors Trump's lawsuits, the president-elect is charging ahead with a formal transition process, announcing his nominees for his Cabinet and laying out a plan to aggressively combat the coronavirus pandemic during his first 100 days in office.
Biden and Harris are set to be sworn into office as president and vice president of the United States on Jan. 20, Inauguration Day.