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When you have a good credit score, you can get better terms and lower interest rates on loan products and credit cards. But it's not always easy to just boost your credit score overnight. First, you need to consider why your score is low.
"Understanding the specific circumstances as to what is impacting your score is your first step in understanding how to quickly increase your credit score," Jim Triggs, president and CEO of nonprofit credit counseling agency Money Management International, Inc (MMI), tells CNBC Select.
Below, we get advice from Triggs and a couple other experts on how quickly your credit score can increase and tips for making it happen.
If you have the funds to pay more than your minimum payment each month, you should do so. Chipping away at your revolving debt can have a major impact on your credit score because it helps to keep your credit utilization rate low.
"How quickly [your score can go up] depends on how quickly the individual creditors report the paid balance on the consumer's credit report." Triggs says. "Some creditors report within days of the payment, some report at a specific time each month." Credit card companies typically report your statement balance to the credit bureaus monthly, but this could vary depending on your issuer. You can call or chat online with your card issuer to find out when they report balances to the bureaus.
The sooner you can pay off your balance each month the better. You can also make multiple payments toward your balance throughout the month so it is easier to track your spending, and it keeps your balance low. And although it helps to even pay off a portion of your debt, paying off the entire balance will have the biggest and fastest impact on your credit score.
You can increase your credit limit one of two ways: Either ask for an increase on your current credit card or open a new card. The higher your overall available credit limit, the lower your credit utilization rate (as long as you're not maxing out your card each month). Before asking for a credit limit increase, make sure you won't be tempted to spend more than you can afford to pay off.
If you are considering opening a new credit card, do your research beforehand. How often you apply for and open new accounts gets factored into your credit score. Each application requires the card issuer or lender to pull your credit report, which results in a hard inquiry on your report and dings your credit score a few points.
"Usually the negative impact of those factors is much less than the benefit to your score of reducing your credit utilization ratio," Triggs says. Just make sure you don't apply to too many credit cards over a short amount of time and send a red flag to issuers.
It's more important now than ever to do your research before applying for new credit because issuers may have stricter terms and requirements in wake of the economic fallout from coronavirus. Check to see what your credit score is beforehand.
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One way to quickly increase your credit score is to review your credit report for any errors that could be negatively impacting you. Your score may increase if you are able to dispute them and have them removed.
About 25% of Americans have an error on their credit reports, so it's important to take the time to review. Some common errors to look out for include fraudulent or duplicated accounts, as well as misreported payments.
"Most of the clients we meet with have not reviewed their report within the past year, and are often surprised by what we find to discuss with them," says Thomas Nitzsche, a financial educator at MMI.
You may have a series of late payments on your credit report, or perhaps an old collection account that's since been paid off still shows up. If this is the case, ask to have them removed. (And if you do have a collection account that's unpaid, make this a priority. Unpaid collection accounts can negatively impact your score.)
This step may take more time and effort on your end, but it could be worth it. Triggs suggests speaking to the collections agency, debt buyer or original creditor (depending on who now services your account) to remove a paid-off account from your credit report.
"You'd most likely have better results using this method with collection agencies or debt buyers versus the original creditor," he says.
Try to convince them to not only show the account as paid, but to remove the account altogether, which could have a much bigger impact on your credit score. "Having even a paid collection account or paid charge-off on your credit report could deter creditors in issuing you future credit at all," Triggs says.
When it comes to improving your credit score, no there's no one solution that fits all.
"It's important to remember that every person's credit journey is unique," Beverly Anderson, president of global consumer solutions for Equifax. "So while there are many factors that apply to most consumers, they won't always impact everyone's credit scores in the same manner."
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