Health and Science

Reopening America: A state-by-state breakdown of the status of coronavirus restrictions

Key Points
  • With coronavirus cases beginning to level off, states are looking to jump-start economies hard hit by the virus.
  • And with jobless claims totaling more than 1 million each week for 13 straight weeks, Americans are clamoring to get back to work.
  • Governors have taken different paths in developing plans to reopen business in their states and remove social-distancing restrictions.
  • Here's a complete state-by-state listing which will be periodically updated.
Houston's mayor on whether the city's ready to partially reopen businesses amid coronavirus pandemic
VIDEO6:4406:44
Houston's mayor on whether the city's ready to partially reopen businesses amid coronavirus pandemic

Across the country, states have shut down businesses and ordered people to work from home if they can and stay indoors as much as possible to slow the spread of the coronavirus pandemic.

However, with cases beginning to level off, states are looking to jump-start economies hit hard by the virus. Millions of Americans who have been put out of work by lockdown efforts are also eager to get back in the workforce. 

Governors have taken different paths in developing plans to loosen stay-at-home orders in their states. States in the Northeast, Midwest and West Coast have formed coalitions to usher in a regional recovery. Other states have faced criticism for already allowing nonessential businesses to resume in-person operations. Some governors have yet to release any sort of reopening plan.

Here is a rundown of how every state in the U.S. has responded to Covid-19 in terms of lifting restrictions on citizens and businesses. This list will be updated each day with new developments. 

States with stay-at-home mandates

Alabama Governor Kay Ivey
Office of the Alabama Governor

Alabama

  • Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey issued a statewide stay-at-home order that went into effect April 4. 
  • "We've got to take this order dead serious; otherwise, the fact is more people will end up dying," Ivey said in a tweet sent April 3. 
  • The order limited religious services to fewer than 10 people, while worshipers stand at least 6 feet apart.
  • Ivey closed nonessential services but allowed a broad range of businesses to be considered essential, including gun retailers and bookstores. 
  • Alabama also ordered all schools to close for the remainder of the academic year. 

Reopening Plan:

  • Ivey issued a safer-at-home order on April 28 that reopened parts of the state's economy starting April 30.
  • The state's safer-at-home was amended May 8 to allow for more restrictions to be lifted on May 11.
  • Nonwork gatherings of any size are allowed as long as social distancing of 6 feet apart is maintained.
  • Gyms, athletic facilities, barber shops and nail salons were also allowed to reopen.
  • Restaurants and bars can allow on-site dining as long as certain guidelines are followed.
  • Entertainment venues such as theaters, bowling alleys and arcades were allowed to reopen beginning May 22.
  • Summer camps are allowed to reopen under certain social-distancing guidelines. 

Alaska

  • The stay-at-home order issued by Alaska Gov. Mike Dunleavy went into effect March 28. 
  • Nonessential businesses were closed. Services or organizations that violate the state order may have to cease operations and pay a $1,000 fine per violation.
  • Individuals who violate the stay-at-home order could face a prison term of up to a year and may have to pay a fine of up to $25,000.
  • Alaska closed schools through the rest of the school year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • Dunleavy announced his state's reopening plan on April 22. 
  • Restaurants, retail, personal services and other public-facing businesses were allowed to begin reopening in a limited fashion starting April 24.
  • With the second phase of the state's reopening plan now implemented, more restrictions were lifted on May 8.
  • Retail, restaurants and personal care services can operate at 50% capacity.

Arizona

  • The "Stay Home, Stay Healthy, Stay Connected" executive order issued by Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey went into effect March 31. It was in effect until April 30 and was extended until May 15.
  • "Keeping Arizonans safe and healthy as we slow the spread of Covid-19 remains our top priority," Ducey said in a statement.
  • Arizona also closed nonessential businesses and ordered those that remain open to implement social distancing guidelines when possible, including spacing employees at least 6 feet apart. 
  • Ducey also extended the closure of Arizona schools until the end of the year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • Arizona's stay-at-home order expired May 15, but the state still has multiple social-distancing guidelines for businesses in place.
  • Businesses resumed under partial openings on May 8 if they were able to incorporate social distancing and sanitation measures.
  • Restaurants were allowed to resume dine-in service May 11.
  • The state opened pools and gyms on May 13.
  • Professional sports could resume in Arizona without fans in attendance beginning May 16.
  • Ducey rolled back reopening measures and closed Arizona's bars, gyms, movie theaters and water parks on June 29. The closure of these businesses is in effect for one month.

California

  • California was the first state to issue a statewide stay-at-home order, on March 19.
  • "Home isolation is not my preferred choice ... but it is a necessary one. ... This is not a permanent state, this is a moment in time," Gov. Gavin Newsom said at a press briefing announcing the order.
  • It shuttered nonessential businesses, including dine-in restaurants, bars and gyms.
  • Schools are expected to remain closed until the end of the school year but may reopen as soon as July.

Reopening Plan:

  • Along with Washington Gov. Jay Inslee and Oregon Gov. Kate Brown, Newsom announced a regional partnership to coordinate the reopening of the West Coast. Nevada and Colorado also joined.
  • Newsom provided a four-phase plan for reopening the state.
  • Newsom said certain low-risk retailers may reopen in a limited fashion beginning May 8 and released specific guidelines for them to follow. Sellers of items such as clothing, books, music, toys and sporting goods, as well as florists, would be allowed to offer curbside pickup.
  • When the state entered stage two of its reopening plan, offices, pet grooming, car washes, malls and outdoor museums were allowed to operate under certain limitations.
  • Restaurants opened under specific restrictions in select counties.
  • Newsom said on May 18 that in-store retail may resume in early June.
  • Counties that have met certain health criteria are allowed to move deeper into the second reopening phase. Barbershops and hair salons in these counties can reopen with certain modifications.
  • Los Angeles County allowed gyms, fitness facilities, day camps, museums, galleries, zoos, aquariums, campgrounds and swimming pools to reopen on June 12.
  • LA County also permitted professional sports league arenas to resume operation without spectators and gave the green light for film and television production.
  • The state requires residents to wear masks in public.
  • On June 28, Newsom ordered multiple counties, including Los Angeles County, to close bars and nightclubs.

Colorado

  • Colorado Gov. Jared Polis enacted an executive order mandating residents to stay at home.
  • Polis ordered the closure of nonessential businesses.
  • The order went into effect March 26 and its end date was extended from April 11 until April 26.
  • Colorado schools are closed through the academic year.

Reopening Plan:

  • Polis released a "Safer at Home" order on April 26 that outlines how certain businesses can safely reopen.
  • Retail businesses were allowed to reopen for curbside delivery on April 27. The order also gave the green light for real estate home showings and voluntary and elective medical procedures, as long as safety protocols are followed.
  • Nonessential retailers could publicly open on May 1, and offer curbside pickup, drive-thru and delivery service. 
  • Noncritical commercial businesses could operate with 50% reduced in-person staffing as long as there are safety measures in place beginning May 4.
  • Restaurants were able to allow in-person dining at 50% capacity beginning May 27.
  • Day camps can open June 1 with health precautions in place. Overnight camps must remain closed through June.

Delaware

  • All Delaware residents were ordered to shelter in place starting March 24 after Gov. John Carney declared a state of emergency
  • Carney also closed nonessential businesses, including casinos, movie theaters and fitness centers. However, religious organizations are exempt from the order.
  • Violation of Carney's state of emergency declaration could constitute a criminal offense, according to the declaration.
  • Delaware schools are currently closed through the end of the academic year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • The first phase of the state's reopening plan is set to begin June 1.
  • In the meantime, certain small business retailers were allowed to reopen May 8 with limited operations, including clothing stores, hair salons and bookshops.
  • Delaware's beaches will be open for Memorial Day weekend with modified access.
  • After entering its first phase of reopening on June 1, Delaware allowed most businesses to resume operations under certain limitations, including retailers, exercise facilities and hair salons.
  • Restaurants can also allow indoor dining through reservations and by keeping tables 6 feet apart.
  • Amid the second stage of the state's reopening, Carney allowed personal care services such as tattoo shops and massage parlors to reopen at 30% capacity on June 8.
  • The state entered the second phase of reopening on June 15. Retail establishments and restaurants can expand their customer capacity to 60%.
  • Originally scheduled to move into phase three of reopening on June 29, Delaware has paused reopening measures. On July 7, it extended its state of emergency until Aug. 6.
  • Delaware is part of a coalition with Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island that is focused on resuming working operations in these states. 

Florida

  • After taking measures such as mandating travelers from New York and New Jersey self-isolate for 14 days, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis issued a stay-at-home order that went into effect April 3.
  • DeSantis faced criticism for not issuing the order sooner. Many Florida counties had already implemented their own stay-at-home orders.
  • Nonessential businesses were shuttered, but there were religious exemptions.
  • The order said that "religious services conducted in churches, synagogues and houses of worship" are among the "essential activities" allowed to stay open.
  • Florida schools are directed to remain closed through the academic year.

Reopening:

  • DeSantis said Florida will be taking "baby steps" toward reopening, and that the process may happen at different paces in different regions. 
  • DeSantis also allowed certain beaches in the state to reopen on April 17.
  • DeSantis said on May 13 that he plans to allow professional sports to play and practice in Florida but that fans may not be in attendance.
  • On May 18, Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach counties were allowed to join the rest of the state in reopening retailers, restaurants and personal care services at 25% indoor capacity.
  • Gyms can reopen across the state at half their capacity.
  • However, Miami-Dade Mayor Carlos Gimenez announced July 6 that restaurants, except take-out and delivery, and gyms will reclose beginning July 8.
  • DeSantis has paused the state's reopening measures amid increases in coronavirus cases.
  • The state banned drinking at bars on June 26 after a spike in coronavirus cases..

Georgia

  • Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp signed a statewide shelter-in-place order that went into effect April 3 and extends through May 13. 
  • "All of us know that this fight is won at the community level," Kemp said at the time.
  • Kemp closed nonessential businesses such as fitness centers, bowling alleys and bars. 
  • Businesses that are not considered "critical infrastructure" are only allowed to engage in "minimum basic operations" such as letting employees work from home, according to the order.
  • Those who violate the policy could be found guilty of a misdemeanor. 
  • Schools will remain closed until the end of the academic year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • Kemp allowed certain businesses in Georgia to reopen beginning April 24.
  • Gyms, hair salons, bowling alleys and tattoo parlors were allowed to reopen as long as they followed certain social distancing guidelines such as keeping customers 6 feet apart and requiring employees to wear face coverings. The reopening of these spaces drew criticism and concern.
  • Kemp released summer camp guidelines in a tweet on May 13. Overnight camps were allowed to move forward as long as certain restrictions were in place, such as limiting bunks to 20 people.
  • Georgia opened bars and clubs on June 1.
  • Kemp signed an executive order on June 11 lifting certain coronavirus restrictions.
  • Residents who are 65 and older were no longer required to shelter in place unless they have certain health conditions or live in a long-term care facility.
  • Starting June 16, up to 50 people were allowed to gather as long as they practice social distancing and remain 6 feet apart.
  • Restaurants no longer have a limit on the number of patrons allowed per square foot and do not have to restrict the number of people at a table.
  • Bars can have up to 50 people or 35% of its total capacity, whichever is greater.
  • Live performance venues reopened on July 1.
  • Despite Kemp's objections, multiple cities including Savannah and Athens have instituted mask requirements.

Hawaii

  • All Hawaii residents were ordered to stay at home starting March 25.
  • Hawaii Gov. David Ige also closed nonessential businesses but allowed essential services such as grocery stores, medical cannabis dispensaries and pharmacies to remain open.
  • Those who violate the order could be found guilty of a misdemeanor and be fined at most $5,000 and face a year in prison.
  • Schools in Hawaii will remain closed through the end of the year. 

Reopening Plan: 

  • Florists were allowed to resume operations on May 1.
  • Ige allowed businesses considered "low-risk" to reopen on May 7, including car dealerships, pet groomers, clothing retailers and childcare services.
  • Honolulu County was not allowed to have retail open until May 15.

Idaho

  • Idaho's stay-at-home order went into effect March 25. The order also closed the state's nonessential businesses. 
  • "Idaho is now in a new stage with confirmed community transmission now occurring in Idaho's most densely populated areas," Gov. Brad Little said in announcing the order.
  • Little also signed an "extreme emergency declaration" that he said would help the state increase its health-care capacity. 
  • Violation of the policy could result in being convicted of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine, imprisonment or both.
  • Schools are closed through the end of the academic year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • Idaho's stay-at-home order expired April 30.
  • May 1 marked the beginning of the first stage of Little's reopening plan, in which places of worship were allowed to reopen.
  • Restaurants, hair salons and gyms reopened during the plan's second stage, which began May 16.
  • Large venues such as nightclubs and sporting arenas could reopen on June 13.
  • Little paused a full reopening of the state scheduled for June 26 amid a surge in cases.
  • On July 7, Ada County was moved back into stage three, which requires the closure of bars and nightclubs.

Illinois

  • Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker's stay-at-home order went into effect March 21. Originally scheduled to end April 7, the order was extended until April 30.
  • Pritzker closed nonessential businesses but exempted organizations that provide charitable and social services.
  • Enforcement of orders of eviction for residential premises were ceased for the duration of Pritzker's disaster proclamation. 
  • The state extended school closures through the end of the academic year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • Pritzker announced that a modified stay-at-home order would extend through the end of May.
  • However, starting May 1, some restrictions were lifted.
  • Nonessential retailers could reopen to fulfill telephone and online orders through pickup outside stores and delivery. Certain parks were allowed to reopen as well.
  • Beginning May 1, individuals are required to wear a face covering when in a public place where they cannot keep a 6-foot distance from others. Face coverings are required in indoor public spaces such as stores.
  • The state entered the third phase of its reopening plan on May 29.
  • Retailers are allowed to reopen with capacity limits.
  • Personal care services and health clubs can operate under specific health guidelines.
  • Nonessential manufacturing can resume.
  • Illinois moved into the fourth phase of reopening on June 26 and allowed fitness centers, movie theaters, museums, zoos and indoor dining to reopen.

Indiana

  • Indiana's stay-at-home order was issued March 24.
  • "Stay at home unless you're going out on an essential errand or essential work or essential business," Gov. Eric Holcomb said in announcing the order.
  • Nonessential businesses were required to cease all activities aside from "minimum basic operations" and have employees work from home if possible. 
  • Indiana schools will remain closed through the end of the academic year. 

Reopening Plan: 

  • Indiana is part of a Midwest coalition with Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois and Kentucky working on a plan to reopen the region's economy. 
  • Holcomb provided a multistage reopening plan on May 1.
  • In most counties, manufacturers, industrial and other infrastructure operations that had not been considered essential were allowed to open May 4.
  • Retailers and shopping malls reopened at 50% capacity starting May 4 in most counties. 
  • Restaurants and bars that serve food could open beginning May 11 at 50% capacity. 
  • Personal services such as hair salons, barber shops, nail salons, spas and tattoo parlors could open beginning May 11, but cannot take walk-ins.
  • Indiana entered the fourth stage of its reopening plan on June 12. Bars and nightclubs can reopen at 50% capacity, while restaurants could increase capacity to 75%.
  • Retail stores can operate at full capacity, while movie theaters and bowling alleys can reopen at 50% capacity.
  • Amusement parks and water parks can reopen at 50% capacity.
  • Holcomb created a new stage of reopening, dubbed stage 4.5, on July 8. For two weeks, cases in the state will be monitored to see if the state can move ahead with the next phase of reopening.

Kansas

  • The state's stay-at-home order from Gov. Laura Kelly went into effect March 30, closing nonessential businesses.
  • Religious institutions were originally exempted from a rule that public gatherings could include no more than 10 people, but Kelly revised guidance April 7 to ensure that places of worship had to comply with this policy.
  • "As Holy Week gets underway — and with Kansas rapidly approaching its projected 'peak' infection rate in the coming weeks — the risk for a spike in Covid-19 cases through church gatherings is especially dangerous," Kelly said in a statement. "This was a difficult decision, and not one I was hoping to have to make."
  • Kansas schools will remain closed until the end of the academic year. 

Reopening Plan: 

  • The first phase of "Ad Astra: A Plan to Reopen Kansas" began May 4.
  • Non-prohibited businesses, including restaurants, can reopen as long as they maintain at least 6 feet of distance between customers and follow other health requirements.
  • Kelly lifted several restrictions on May 18.
  • Personal care services can reopen with pre-scheduled appointments.
  • Gyms and fitness centers can reopen with closed locker rooms and cannot hold classes.
  • Outdoor drive-thru graduations and 10-person indoor ceremonies can take place under certain social-distancing requirements.
  • The state entered the third phase of reopening on June 8 and now allows gatherings of up to 45 people.  
  • Kelly issued an executive order requiring most Kansans to wear a mask in public places or anywhere social distancing cannot be maintained starting July 3.

Louisiana

  • Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards enacted a stay-at-home order that went into effect March 23.
  • The state closed nonessential businesses.
  • Individuals were still allowed to attend religious services under the order.
  • Louisiana's school closures will continue through the academic year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • After the state's stay-at-home order expired May 15, restaurants, shopping malls, hair salons and other facilities could reopen at 25% occupancy and with social-distancing guidelines in place.
  • Casinos and video poker establishments could reopen on May 18 with 25% capacity and gaming stations spaced out to promote social distancing.
  • Louisiana's second phase of reopening was extended for 28 days on June 25 amid increasing coronavirus cases and hospitalizations.

Maine

  • Maine Gov. Janet Mills' "Stay Healthy at Home" mandate went into effect April 2. 
  • "We are in the midst of one of the greatest public health crises this world has seen in more than a century," Mills said in a statement. "This virus will continue to sicken people across our state; our cases will only grow, and more people will die."
  • The state closed nonessential businesses and instituted specific limits on the number of customers allowed inside essential stores based on the size of the store. 
  • Those who violate the mandate could be subject to six months in jail and a $1,000 fine.
  • Maine schools were recommended to remain closed through the end of the academic year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • Mills announced July 9 that a state of emergency would be extended to Aug. 6.
  • Starting May 1, Maine entered the first stage of its reopening plan.
  • The plan allowed for the limited reopening of non-coastal state parks, drive-in religious services, car washes, auto dealerships and personal services such as nail salons.
  • On-site dining at restaurants and certain wilderness activities such as hiking were allowed to resume in rural counties on May 18.
  • On June 12, select counties were allowed to reopen bars for outdoor service, as well as gyms and fitness centers.
  • Mills postponed the reopening of indoor bar service, citing an increase in coronavirus outbreaks across the country. Bars were originally scheduled to resume indoor service on July 1.

Maryland

  • Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan issued a stay-at-home order that went into effect March 30. The state previously closed nonessential businesses on March 23.
  • "We are no longer asking or suggesting that Marylanders stay home; we are directing them to do so," Hogan said at a press conference.
  • Those who violate the order could be charged with a misdemeanor and face up to a year in prison and a $5,000 fine.
  • Maryland schools will remain closed through the end of the academic year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • Hogan released a three-stage recovery plan on April 24. 
  • The plan's first stage includes reopening certain small businesses and personal services. Ahead of the first stage's start, Hogan gave the green light to elective medical procedures as well as recreational activities such as golf, tennis and boating.
  • Stage two will involve raising the cap on social gatherings and resuming normal public transit schedules, among other measures.
  • The final stage will include instituting higher-risk activities, such as reopening bars and restaurants.
  • Maryland's stay-at-home order lifted on May 15.
  • Manufacturing can resume and retail stores, barbershops and hair salons can reopen with up to 50% capacity under social-distancing guidelines.
  • Beginning June 12, indoor dining at restaurants can resume at 50% capacity under physical-distancing guidelines.
  • Graduation ceremonies that implement social distancing can also be held outdoors.
  • Outdoor amusements such as rides and mini golf can reopen, and the capacity limitation on pools has been increased to 50%.
  • Maryland reopened gyms and other fitness facilities on June 19. Casinos, arcades and malls were also allowed to reopen in the state.

Massachusetts

  • Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker ordered all nonessential businesses to close and directed the Department of Health to issue a stay-at-home advisory. The order went into effect March 24.
  • Businesses and organizations that do not provide "Covid-19 essential services" had to shut down in-person operations.
  • "We will always allow all grocery stores, pharmacies and other types of businesses that provide essential goods and services to Massachusetts residents to continue to operate," Baker said.
  • Massachusetts schools will stay closed through the end of the school year.

Reopening Plan: 

  • Massachusetts joined Delaware, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island in forming a coalition that is focused on resuming working operations in these states. 
  • Baker announced new details of the state's four-phase reopening plan on May 18.
  • Manufacturing and construction operations were allowed to resume on May 18 and places of worship could reopen under certain guidelines.
  • Beginning May 25, retailers can offer curbside pickup, while barbershops and personal care services can reopen under certain restrictions.
  • Office space is allowed to reopen at 25% capacity beginning May 25, except in the city of Boston.
  • Office spaces in Boston could begin reopening June 1.
  • Massachusetts entered the second phase of reopening on June 8. Retail businesses can reopen to customers with capacity limits and restaurants can offer outdoor table service.
  • The state